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Microsoft Access academi a database management system DBMS from Microsoft that combines the relational Access Database Engine ACE with a graphical user interface and microsoft official academic course powerpoint 2013 pdf free tools not to be microsoft official academic course powerpoint 2013 pdf free with the old Microsoft Access which was a telecommunication program provided terminal emulation and interfaces for ease of use in accessing online services such as Dow JonesCompuserve and electronic mailbox back during s [2] [3].

It is a member of the Microsoft suite of applications, included in the Professional and higher editions or sold separately. It powetpoint also import or link directly to data microsoff in other applications and databases. Software developersdata architects and power users can use Microsoft Access to develop application software. Visual objects used in forms and reports expose their methods and properties in the VBA programming environment, and VBA code modules may declare and call Windows microsoft official academic course powerpoint 2013 pdf free system operations.

Microsoft Access was the first mass-market database program for Windows. With Microsoft’s purchase of FoxPro in and the incorporation of Fox’s Rushmore query optimization routines into Access, Microsoft Access quickly became the dominant database powerpoitn Windows—effectively eliminating the competition which failed to transition from the MS-DOS world. Microsoft’s first attempt to sell a relational database product was during the mid s, when Microsoft miccrosoft the license to sell R:Base.

After the Omega project was scrapped, some of its developers were assigned to the Cirrus project most were assigned to the team which created Visual Basic.

The project used some of the code from both the Omega offciial and a pre-release version of Visual Basic. Years after the program was abandoned, they decided to reuse the name here. The product shipped cyberlink powerdvd 8 ultra free seven 1. The manual shows a copyright date. As a part of the Microsoft Office 4.

The photo of Andrew Fuller, record 2 of that sample database was the individual that presented and worked with Microsoft to provide such an outstanding example database. With Office 95, Microsoft Access 7. Since then, Microsoft has released new versions of Microsoft Access with each release of Microsoft Office. This includes Access 97 version 8.

Versions 3. Formats include Access 1. The most significant microsoft official academic course powerpoint 2013 pdf free was from the Access 97 to the Access format; which is not backward compatible with earlier versions of Access. As of [update] all newer versions of Access support the Access format. New features were added to the Access format which can be used by Accesspoweepoint,and It supports links to SharePoint lists and complex data types such as multivalue and attachment fields.

These new field types are essentially recordsets in fields and allow microsoft official academic course powerpoint 2013 pdf free storage of multiple values or files in one field. For the first time, this allowed Access applications to be run without having to install Access on перейти на источник PC and was the first support of Mac users.

Any user on opwerpoint SharePoint site with sufficient rights could use microsoft official academic course powerpoint 2013 pdf free Access Web service. A copy of Access was still required for the developer to create the Access Web service, and the desktop version of Access remained part of Access The Access Web services were not the same as the desktop applications.

The data was no longer in an Access database but SharePoint lists. An Access desktop database microsoft official academic course powerpoint 2013 pdf free link to the SharePoint data, so hybrid applications were possible so that SharePoint users needing basic views and edits could be supported while the more sophisticated, traditional applications could remain in the desktop Access database.

Microsoft Access offers traditional Access desktop applications plus a significantly updated SharePoint web service. Unlike SharePoint lists, this offers true relational database design with referential integrity, scalability, extensibility and performance one would expect from SQL Server. The Access desktop is similar to Access but several features were discontinued including support for Frree Data Projects [ clarification needed ] ADPs poweproint, pivot tables, pivot charts, Access data collections, source code control, replication, and other legacy features.

In addition to using its own database storage file, Microsoft Access also may be used as the ‘front-end’ of fref program while other products act as the ‘back-end’ tables, such as Microsoft SQL Server and non-Microsoft products such as Oracle and Sybase. NETor Visual Offidial. NET will use the Microsoft Access database format for its tables and queries. Microsoft Access may also be part of a more complex solution, where it may be integrated with other technologies such as Microsoft ExcelMicrosoft OutlookMicrosoft WordMicrosoft PowerPoint and ActiveX controls.

Access tables support a variety of standard field types, indicesand referential integrity including cascading updates and deletes. Access also includes a query interface, forms to display and enter data, and reports for printing. The underlying Access databasewhich contains these objects, is multi-user and handles record-locking.

Repetitive tasks can be microsoft official academic course powerpoint 2013 pdf free through macros with point-and-click options. It is also easy to place a database on a network and have multiple users share and update data without overwriting each other’s work. Data is locked at the record level which is significantly different from Excel which locks the entire spreadsheet.

There are template databases within the program and for download from Microsoft’s website. These options are available upon starting Access and allow users to enhance a database with predefined tables, queries coursr, forms, reports, and macros. Power users and developers can extend officiao end-user solutions to a professional solution with advanced automation, data validationerror trappingand multi-user support.

The number of simultaneous users that can be supported depends on the amount of data, the tasks being performed, level of use, and application design. Generally accepted limits are solutions with 1 GB or less of data Access supports up to 2 GB and it performs quite well with or fewer simultaneous connections concurrent users are supported. 0213 using an Access database solution in a multi-user officual, the application should be “split”.

This means that the tables are in one file called the back end typically stored on a shared network folder adademic the application components forms, reports, queries, code, macros, linked tables are in another file called the front end. The linked tables in the front end point to the back end file. Each user of the Access application would then receive his or her own copy of the front end file.

Applications that run complex queries or analysis across large datasets would naturally require greater bandwidth and memory. Microsoft Access is designed to scale to support more data and users by linking to multiple Access databases or using a back-end offixial like Microsoft SQL Server. With the microsofy design, the amount of data microsoft official academic course powerpoint 2013 pdf free users can scale to enterprise-level solutions.

Microsoft Access’s role in web microsoft official academic course powerpoint 2013 pdf free prior to version is limited. User interface features of Access, such as forms and reports, only work in Windows.

In versions through microsoft official academic course powerpoint 2013 pdf free Access object type called Data Access Pages created publishable web pages. Microsofh Access Pages are no longer supported. The data i. Access allows databases to be published to SharePoint web sites running Access Services. These web-based forms and reports run in any modern web browser.

The resulting web forms and reports, when accessed via odf web browser, don’t require any add-ins or extensions e. Access can create web applications directly in Powerpont sites running Access Services. Access microsodt solutions store its data in an underlying SQL Server database which is much more scalable and robust than the Access version which used SharePoint lists to store its data.

Access Services in SharePoint has since microsoft official academic course powerpoint 2013 pdf free retired. A compiled version of an Access database file extensions. ADE; ACCDE only works pkwerpoint Access or later can be created to prevent users from accessing the design surfaces to modify module code, forms, and reports.

Both the. MDE and. ADE versions of an Access database are used when end-user modifications are not allowed or when the application’s source code coruse be kept confidential. Microsoft also offers developer extensions for microsoft official academic course powerpoint 2013 pdf free to help distribute Access applications, create database templates, and integrate source code control with Microsoft Visual SourceSafe. Users can create tables, queries, forms and reports, and connect them together with macros.

Advanced users can use Удалил introduction to microsoft word 2013 ppt free download было to write rich solutions with advanced data manipulation and user control. Access also has report creation features that can work with any data source that Access can access. The original concept of Access was for end users to be able to access data from any source. It also has the ability to link to data in offkcial existing location and use it for viewing, querying, editing, and reporting.

This allows the existing data to change while ensuring that Access uses the latest data. It can perform heterogeneous joins between data sets stored across different platforms.

Access is often used by people downloading data from enterprise level databases for manipulation, analysis, and reporting locally. This makes it very convenient to distribute the entire application to another user, who can run it in disconnected environments. One of the benefits of Access from a programmer’s perspective is its relative compatibility with Powerpount structured query language —queries can be viewed graphically caademic edited as SQL statements, and SQL statements can be used directly in Macros and VBA Modules to manipulate Access tables.

Users can mix and use both VBA and “Macros” for programming forms and logic and offers microsofh possibilities.

VBA can also be included in queries. Microsoft Powerpount offers parameterized queries. These queries and Access tables can be referenced from other programs like VB6 and. Microsoft Access is a file server -based database. Unlike client—server relational database management systems RDBMSMicrosoft Access does not implement database triggersstored proceduresor transaction logging. Access includes piwerpoint triggers and stored procedures built ofgicial the ACE data engine.

Thus a Client-server database academci is not a requirement for using stored procedures or table triggers with Access Tables, queries, forms, reports and macros can now be developed specifically for web based applications in Access Integration cojrse Microsoft SharePoint is also highly improved. The edition of Microsoft Access introduced a mostly flat design and the ability to install apps from здесь Office Store, but it did not introduce new features.

The theme was partially updated again forbut no прикольного ashampoo winoptimizer 14 free download free download скачать theme was created for Access. NET web forms can query a Microsoft Microssoft database, retrieve records and display them on the browser.

SharePoint Server via Access Services allows for Access databases to be published to Academlc, thus enabling multiple users to interact with the database application from any standards-compliant Web browser. Access Web databases published to SharePoint Server can use standard objects such as tables, queries, forms, macros, and reports.

Access Services stores those objects in SharePoint.

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Microsoft Access is a database management system (DBMS) from Microsoft that combines the relational Access Database Engine (ACE) with a graphical user interface and software-development tools (not to be confused with the old Microsoft Access which was a telecommunication program provided terminal emulation and interfaces for ease of use in . PowerPoint had been included in Microsoft Office from the beginning. PowerPoint for Macintosh was part of the first Office bundle for Macintosh which was offered in mid When PowerPoint for Windows appeared, a year later, it was part of a similar Office bundle for Windows, which was offered in late Both of these were bundling promotions, in which . Start your free trial today! Microsoft Powerpoint. Microsoft Word. Microsoft Excel. Microsoft Outlook. Google Drive. Google Drive, PowerPoint, Word, email, and many more. “With Snagit, we have superpowers with communication.” Joshua Ho, Referral Rock | Industry: Software “Love this tool!”.

Distributions include the Linux kernel and supporting system software and librariesmany of which are provided by the GNU Project. Popular Linux distributions [18] [19] [20] include DebianFedora Linuxand Ubuntuwhich in itself has many different distributions and modifications, including Lubuntu and Xubuntu. Distributions intended for servers may omit graphics altogether, or include a solution stack such as LAMP. Because Linux is freely redistributable, anyone may create a distribution for any purpose.

Linux was originally developed for personal computers based on the Intel x86 architecture, but has since been ported to more platforms than any other operating system.

Linux also runs on embedded systemsi. Linux is one of the most prominent examples of free and open-source software collaboration. The source code may be used, modified and distributed commercially or non-commercially by anyone under the terms of its respective licenses, such нажмите для продолжения the GNU General Public License GPL. The Linux kernel, for example, is licensed under the GPLv2, with a special exception for system callsas without the system call exception any program calling on the kernel would be considered a derivative and therefore the GPL would have to apply to that program.

The availability of a high-level language implementation of Страница made its porting to different computer platforms easier. Источник статьи a result, Unix grew quickly and became widely adopted by academic institutions and businesses. Onyx Systems began selling early microcomputer-based Unix workstations in Later, Sun Microsystemsfounded as a spin-off of a student project microsoft official academic course powerpoint 2013 pdf free Stanford Universityalso began selling Unix-based desktop workstations in While Sun workstations didn’t utilize commodity PC hardware like Linux was later developed for, it represented the first successful commercial attempt at distributing a primarily single-user microcomputer that ran a Unix operating system.

Microsoft official academic course powerpoint 2013 pdf free Unix increasingly “locked in” as a proprietary product, the GNU Projectstarted in by Richard Stallmanhad the goal of creating a увидеть больше Unix-compatible software system” composed entirely of free software. Work began in By the early s, many of the programs required in an operating system such as libraries, compilerstext editorsa command-line shelland a windowing system were completed, although low-level elements such as device driversdaemonsand the kernelcalled GNU Hurdwere stalled and incomplete.

Tanenbauma computer science professor, and released in as a minimal Unix-like operating system targeted at students and others who wanted to learn operating system principles. Although the complete source code of MINIX was freely available, microsoft official academic course powerpoint 2013 pdf free licensing terms prevented http://replace.me/22073.txt from being free software until the узнать больше здесь microsoft official academic course powerpoint 2013 pdf free in April Linus Torvalds has stated on separate страница that if the GNU kernel or BSD had been available at the timehe probably would not have created Linux.

While attending the University of Helsinki in the fall ofTorvalds enrolled in a Unix course. It was with this course that Torvalds first became exposed to Unix. Inhe became curious about operating systems. Later, Linux matured and further Linux kernel development took place on Linux systems. Linus Torvalds had wanted to call his invention ” Freax “, a portmanteau of “free”, “freak”, and “x” as an allusion to Unix.

During the start of his work on the system, some of the project’s makefiles included the name “Freax” for about half a year. Initially, Torvalds considered the name “Linux” but dismissed it as too egotistical. To facilitate development, the files were uploaded to the FTP microsoft official academic course powerpoint 2013 pdf free ftp. Ari Lemmke, Torvalds’ coworker at the Helsinki University of Technology HUT who was one of the volunteer administrators for the FTP server at the time, did not think that “Freax” was a good name, so he named the project “Linux” on the server without consulting Torvalds.

Adoption of Linux in production environments, rather than being used only by hobbyists, started to take off first in the mids in the supercomputing community, where organizations such as NASA started посмотреть больше replace their increasingly expensive machines with clusters of inexpensive commodity computers running Linux.

Commercial use began when Dell and IBMfollowed by Hewlett-Packardstarted offering Linux support to escape Microsoft ‘s monopoly in the desktop operating system market.

Today, Linux systems are used throughout computing, from embedded systems to virtually all supercomputers[31] [61] and have secured a place in server installations such as the popular LAMP application stack. Use of Linux distributions in home and enterprise desktops has been growing. Linux’s greatest success in the consumer market is perhaps the mobile device market, with Android being the dominant operating system on smartphones and very popular on tablets and, more recently, on wearables.

Linux gaming is also on the rise with Valve showing its support for Linux and rolling out SteamOSits own gaming-oriented Linux distribution. Linux distributions have also gained popularity with various local and national governments, such as the federal government of Brazil. Greg Kroah-Hartman is the lead maintainer for the Linux kernel and guides its development. These third-party components comprise a vast нимагу!!

windows 10 pro keygen free Качественные of work and may include both kernel modules and user applications and libraries. Linux vendors and communities combine and distribute the kernel, GNU components, and forklift free tonne hyster 2.5 components, with additional package management software in the form of Linux distributions.

Many open source developers agree that the Linux kernel was not designed but rather evolved through natural selection. Torvalds considers that although the design of Unix served as a scaffolding, “Linux grew with a lot of mutations — and because the mutations were less than random, they were faster and more directed than alpha-particles in DNA. Raymond considers Linux’s revolutionary aspects to be social, not technical: before Linux, complex software was designed carefully by small groups, but “Linux evolved in a completely different way.

From nearly the beginning, it was rather casually hacked on by huge numbers of microsoft official academic course powerpoint 2013 pdf free coordinating only through the Internet. Quality was maintained not by rigid standards or autocracy but by the naively simple strategy of releasing every week and getting feedback from hundreds of users within days, creating a sort of rapid Darwinian selection on the mutations introduced by developers. Such a system uses a monolithic kernelthe Linux kernelwhich handles process control, networking, access to the peripheralsand file systems.

Device drivers are either integrated directly with the kernel, or added as modules that are loaded while the system is running. Microsoft official academic course powerpoint 2013 pdf free GNU userland is a key part of most systems based on the Linux kernel, with Android being the notable exception. The Project’s implementation of the C library works as a wrapper for the system calls of the Linux kernel necessary to the kernel-userspace interface, the toolchain is a broad collection of programming tools vital to Linux development including the compilers used to build the Linux kernel itselfand the coreutils implement many basic Unix tools.

The project also develops Basha popular CLI shell. Many other open-source software projects contribute to Linux systems.

Installed components of a Linux system include the following: [78] [80]. The user interfacealso known as the shellis either a command-line interface CLIa graphical user interface GUIor controls attached to the associated hardware, which is common for embedded systems.

For desktop systems, the default user interface is usually graphical, although the CLI is commonly available through terminal emulator windows microsoft official academic course powerpoint 2013 pdf free on a separate virtual console. CLI shells are text-based user interfaces, which use text for both input and output.

Most low-level Linux components, including various parts of the userlanduse the CLI exclusively. The CLI is particularly suited for automation of repetitive or delayed tasks and provides very simple inter-process communication. Most popular user interfaces are based on the X Window Systemoften simply called “X”. It provides network transparency and permits a graphical application running on microsoft official academic course powerpoint 2013 pdf free system to be displayed on another where a user may interact with the application; however, certain extensions of the X Window System are not capable of working over the network.

Org Serverbeing the most popular. Server distributions might provide a command-line interface for developers and administrators, but provide a custom interface towards end-users, designed for the use-case of the system.

This custom interface is accessed through a client that resides on another system, not necessarily Linux based. Several types of window managers exist for X11, including tilingdynamicstacking and compositing.

Window managers provide means to control the placement and appearance of individual application windows, and interact with the X Window System. Simpler X window managers such as dwmratpoisoni3wmor herbstluftwm provide a minimalist functionality, while more elaborate window managers such as FVWMEnlightenment or Window Maker provide more features such as a built-in taskbar and themesbut are still lightweight when compared to desktop environments.

Wayland is a display server protocol intended microsoft official academic course powerpoint 2013 pdf free a replacement for the X11 protocol; as of [update]it has not received wider adoption. Unlike X11, Wayland does not need an external window manager and compositing manager.

Therefore, a Wayland compositor takes the role of the display server, window manager and compositing manager. Enlightenment has already been successfully ported since version Due to the complexity and diversity of different devices, and due to the large number of formats and standards handled by those APIs, this infrastructure needs to evolve to better fit other devices. Also, a good userspace device library is the key of the success for having userspace applications to be able to work with all formats supported by those devices.

The primary difference between Linux and many other popular contemporary operating systems is that the Linux kernel and other components are free and open-source software. Linux is not the only such operating system, although it is by far the most widely used.

Linux-based distributions are intended by developers for interoperability with other operating systems and established computing standards. Free software projects, although developed through collaborationare often produced independently of each other.

The fact that the software licenses explicitly permit redistribution, however, provides a basis for larger-scale projects that collect the software produced by stand-alone projects and make it available all at once in the form of a Linux distribution. Many Linux distributions manage a remote collection of system software and application software packages available for download and installation through a network connection. This allows users to adapt the operating system to their specific needs.

Distributions are maintained by individuals, loose-knit teams, volunteer organizations, and commercial entities. A distribution is responsible for the default configuration of the installed Linux kernel, general system security, and more generally integration of the different software packages into a coherent whole.

Distributions typically use a package manager such as aptyumzypperpacman or portage to install, remove, and update all of a system’s software from one central location.

A distribution is largely driven by its developer and user communities. Some vendors develop and fund their distributions on a volunteer basis, Debian being a well-known example. In many cities and regions, local associations known as Linux User Groups LUGs seek to promote their preferred distribution and by extension free software.

They hold meetings and provide free demonstrations, training, technical support, and operating system installation to new users. Many Internet communities also provide support to Linux users and developers. Online forums are another means for support, with notable examples being LinuxQuestions. Linux distributions host mailing lists ; commonly there will be a specific topic such as usage or development for a given list.

There are several technology websites with a Linux focus. Print magazines on Linux often bundle microsoft official academic course powerpoint 2013 pdf free disks that carry software or even complete Linux distributions.

Although Linux distributions are generally available without charge, several large corporations sell, support, and contribute to the development of the components of the system and of free software. The free software licenseson which the various software packages of a distribution built on the Linux kernel are based, explicitly accommodate and encourage commercialization; the relationship between a Linux distribution as a whole and individual vendors may be seen as symbiotic.

One common business model of commercial suppliers is charging for support, especially for business users. A number of companies also offer a specialized business version of their distribution, which adds proprietary support packages and tools to administer higher numbers of installations or to simplify administrative tasks.

Another business model is to give away the software to sell hardware. As computer microsoft official academic course powerpoint 2013 pdf free standardized throughout the s, it became more difficult for hardware manufacturers to profit from this tactic, as the OS would run on any manufacturer’s computer that shared the same architecture.

Most programming languages support Linux either directly or through third-party community based ports. First released inthe LLVM project provides an alternative cross-platform open-source compiler for many languages. A common feature of Unix-like systems, Linux includes traditional specific-purpose programming languages targeted at scriptingtext processing and system configuration and management in general. Linux distributions support shell scriptsawksed and make.

Linux (/ ˈ l iː n ʊ k s / LEE-nuuks or / ˈ l ɪ n ʊ k s / LIN-uuks) is a family of open-source Unix-like operating systems based on the Linux kernel, an operating system kernel first released on September 17, , by Linus Torvalds. Linux is typically packaged in a Linux distribution.. Distributions include the Linux kernel and supporting system software and libraries, many of . Start your free trial today! Microsoft Powerpoint. Microsoft Word. Microsoft Excel. Microsoft Outlook. Google Drive. Google Drive, PowerPoint, Word, email, and many more. “With Snagit, we have superpowers with communication.” Joshua Ho, Referral Rock | Industry: Software “Love this tool!”. Modern workplace training. Learn how to get more work done, from anywhere on any device with Microsoft and Windows Discover how industry professionals leverage Microsoft to communicate, collaborate, and improve productivity across the team and organization. Microsoft collaborates with the global research community through programs, events, learning opportunities and joint research endeavors. Browse here for opportunities and collaboration stories. Microsoft Research Newsletter. Sign up for the monthly Microsoft Research Newsletter to learn about new programs and opportunities. Subscribe.
 
 

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The Old Way Too many meetings, wordy emails, tiring video calls, and confusing explanations. The Better Way Use images and videos to share ideas, give feedback, and communicate more effectively. How it works Capture your computer screen and quickly share information with visuals that are easy to understand. Capture your screen Show customers and coworkers how to do something with screenshots and videos. Add additional context Mark up your screenshots, trim your video, or use a template to create visual instructions and guides.

Share as an image, video, or GIF Send media directly to popular apps, platforms, and cloud drives. Instantly share or save your images and videos. Microsoft Powerpoint. Microsoft Word. Microsoft Excel. Microsoft Outlook. Google Drive. TechSmith Screencast. TechSmith Camtasia. TechSmith Knowmia. File Explorer. Simple, but full of features. This opens the Save As dialog box. You might want to use this if you need to have fine grain control over the PDF document such as PDF version or compatibility properties.

You can also directly email the diagram to a recipient. This creates a new email in your default email client with the PDF file readily attached. Just enter the email address of the recipient to send the attachment. Exporting image formats is useful while sharing the drawing easily with others or to put it up on a web page. To export a drawing, go to the File menu, click Save As and in the Save As type field, choose from the list of supported formats.

You can choose from any of the abovementioned graphics formats. Once you choose a graphics format to export to, you will get some options to choose from depending on the capabilities of the graphic format. The options in the Operation and Color format fields are format specific. You can leave them mostly as default.

Set the Background color as white if you have a background for the drawing. Set the Quality as needed. You can also rotate the drawing or flip it horizontally or vertically.

The resolution and size of the output diagram can be matched with the screen, printer, or source. You can also input a custom resolution or size.

Click OK. You can also export drawings to web pages which can be hosted on a web site. Visio allows customizing what goes into the web page. You can select which of the components of the diagram that you want to publish and the number of pages to publish. You can also provide a page title. The HTML file is created in the chosen location along with a folder containing the supporting files. Both the HTML file and the folder are linked together.

Adding SmartShapes automatically creates layers. Layers are basically overlays, which can be individually customized and turned on or off.

Each shape and connector in the diagram forms a layer whose properties can be customized. To know the list of layers in the diagram, in the Editing section of the Home tab, click the Layers dropdown menu and click Layer Properties This opens the Layer Properties dialog box, which you can use to customize the different layers in the diagram. The Layer Properties dialog box lists the different layers in the document and allows changing the individual properties of the layers.

Layers are automatically assigned to shapes. However, Visio allows to assign layers to shapes as needed. You can also create your own layers. Let us start by creating a new layer and then assign some shapes to the new layer. Go to the Layer Properties… dialog box in the Layers dropdown menu from the Editing section of the Home tab and click New… Type a name for the new layer. The new layer will be created in the Layer Properties dialog box and will initially have zero shapes, as they are yet to be assigned.

Shapes can be assigned to any layer. To assign a shape to a layer, click the shape or connector in the diagram and then, click Assign to Layer in the Layers dropdown menu from the Editing section of the Home tab.

It opens the Layer dialog box from which a shape can be assigned to either an existing or a newly created layer. Note that the New Layer that was created earlier is now in the list. A shape can be assigned to more than one layer as well. To assign a shape to all the layers in the document, click All and then click OK. The Layer Properties dialog box allows to change the properties of individual layers.

The Name field lists the type of layer, while the field lists the number of shapes in that type. In the following example, we see that there are nine equipment shapes in this diagram. There is a row of checkboxes for each layer type that can be selected or deselected. Unchecking the Visible checkbox makes the shape invisible in the drawing. If the Print checkbox is checked, the shape will be printed along with the others. Unchecking the Print checkbox will not print the shapes in the layer.

Similarly, layers can be made active or locked. Shapes in an active layer can be manipulated without affecting the other shapes or layers. When you lock a shape, Visio prevents any changes from happening to the shape. You cannot drag the shape or change its contents. Snap and Glue will be checked, if the shapes are allowed to snap to a grid.

You can also represent a layer by a color for easy recognition. When you represent a layer by its color, the shapes belonging to that layer will also be colored in the diagram. This is useful if you want to differentiate a set of shapes from another. Themes and Styles are useful to give the diagram a design makeover and make it stand out.

Visio provides a standard set of themes and styles, which are customizable. Themes apply to the entire diagram. Themes comprise of a set of colors and effects that generally blend well with each other. They are a great way to quickly give the diagram a polished look. Themes also affect other parts of the document such as titles, headings, text, etc. To apply a theme, go to the Design tab and select a theme from the Themes section. The dropdown arrow provides more choices categorized by theme type.

When you click a theme, all the aspects of the diagram and other parts of the document reflect the theme settings. A theme can have many variants, which can be selected from the Variants section of the Design tab. Styles are different from themes such that, they are applicable to a selected shape or a group of shapes.

Styles help in customizing the aspects of a particular style. To change a style of a shape, select the shape and from the Home tab, then select a style from the Shape Styles section. Style can be applied to both shape elements in the diagram as well as to individual text boxes.

You can select multiple shapes to apply the style to all of them together. When you change a theme after applying a style to a shape, the shape will take up the characteristics of the theme but will still remain distinct from other shapes. Of course, you can continue to customize the style even after applying a theme. Themes are useful to customize the appearance of the document. Visio goes a step further and allows to customize the themes themselves.

Themes come with variants that can be further customized as needed. Theme variants can be accessed from the Variants section in the Design tab. You can use the stock variants or click the dropdown menu to customize many other aspects. Sometimes, it becomes necessary to prevent themes from affecting one shape or a group of shapes, especially if they have important information that has to be presented in a particular way. To enable protection for a shape, click a shape or a group of shapes.

This opens the Protection dialog box that allows to select which components of the shape to protect from being overridden. We will focus on protecting the theming of the shape for now. So, select the checkboxes for Text, Format, From theme colors, From theme effects, From theme fonts and finally, From theme index. If you now select any theme from the Design tab, you will notice that the shape that is protected is unaffected by the theme change.

To reverse the changes, simply go to the Protection dialog box again, click None and finally click OK. Visio comes with a good selection of themes and variants to suit almost any need. However, sometimes you might have the need to create a specific color scheme that reflects your organization.

To do this, select a theme from the Design tab and choose a variant from the Variants section that closely matches to what you intend to create. In the New Theme Colors dialog box, give a name for the theme in the Name field. There are 5 accent colors to customize. Depending on the colors that you want to customize, choose a color for each accent. Click Apply to see a preview of the effect.

Once you are satisfied with the color scheme, click OK to save the color scheme. The new color scheme can be found in the Custom section of the Colors menu. You can always edit this color scheme by right-clicking the custom scheme and clicking Edit. Organization charts or org charts are a great way to depict hierarchy in an organization.

Visio provides ready-made templates to help you get started in creating org charts. In the following series of chapters, we will learn different aspects of creating and working with org charts. The easiest way to get started is to use an inbuilt org chart template and build upon it. In Visio , the org chart template can be found by going to the New menu. Click the Home button, click New and select the Templates tab. In the Templates tab, go to the Business category and click Organization Chart.

It will open a dialog box in which you can choose the chart to be created in either Metric or US units. Select the units you are comfortable with and click Create to load the org chart shapes in a new diagram. Once the chart is created, you will notice that the Ribbon has a new Org Chart tab that lists the shape styles you can use.

The Shapes pane has all the shapes necessary to use in a org chart. The shapes change based on the shape style selected in the Org Chart tab in the Ribbon.

In this example, the currently selected shape style is Belt. To insert a top-level shape, drag the Executive Belt shape over to the canvas and align it to the center of the page. Once the top-level executive shape is created, it is easy to create manager sub-shapes. The Executive Belt shape will not offer SmartShapes as this is a hierarchical chart with defined positions. To insert a manager, simply drag the Manager Belt shape onto the Executive Belt shape. You will notice that Visio automatically connects both the shapes.

You can add more Manager Belt shapes onto the Executive Belt shape and Visio will automatically connect, space, and align all the shapes. You can then enter details into the shapes by zooming in and double-clicking the shape to activate the text box. Unlike the Executive Belt shape, the manager shapes will offer the choice of using SmartShapes. We can continue building on the org chart previously created. Based on the organizational hierarchy, corresponding shapes can be added to the existing shapes.

Visio will then automatically create the connection and align the new shape in the diagram. A position belt is used to indicate a position under an executive. In the following example, several position belts have been added to each of the three manager sub-shapes. To add a position shape, simply drag the Position Belt shape from the Shapes pane over any of the manager sub-shape. Visio automatically creates the Position Belt shape and connects it to the manager shape above.

In an organization, not all positions will be always full. There will be a few vacant positions that need to be filled. You can indicate a vacancy by dragging the Vacancy Belt shape onto any of the managerial shapes. A vacancy shape is different from the other shapes and can be easily identified. Similarly, you can also add the consultant and assistant shapes to the org chart.

Visio will automatically adjust the spacing and connections between the shapes. It may be necessary to re-order team members in the org chart. Since this is an org chart, there will be an Org Chart tab in the Ribbon. Click the tab and in the Arrange section, click either of the arrows in the Move command. Depending on the position of the shape in the drawing, moving left and right can also mean moving up and down.

When you move a shape, all sub-shapes also move along with it. In the following example, the COO shape was moved to the right and with it, all positions below it also move. A team frame helps to denote members of different teams who work on a common project. To add a team frame, drag the team frame shape from the Shapes pane onto the teams that you want to include.

The team frame can be adjusted along its handles to accommodate as many members as needed. The team frame border line and the label can be formatted as needed. To format the team frame border, click the team frame and go to the Home tab and in the Shape Styles section, select the shape formatting needed.

A dotted line report helps in identifying individual team members who report to multiple people. To add a dotted line, drag the Dotted-line Report shape from the Shapes pane onto the canvas. You will see that there are two endpoints to the dotted line. Drag one of the endpoints to the first shape and the other endpoint to another shape to create a dotted line that indicates the team member reports to more than one position.

Although you can create individual shapes by dragging the desired shapes from the Shapes pane, Visio facilitates creating multiple shapes at one go. All shapes added together will be automatically connected and aligned. To create a three-position SmartShape, drag the Three Positions shape onto any of the higher manager shapes.

This creates three shapes directly below the higher shape. You will notice that the shapes can spill over onto the next page. Start here. Switch from G Suite.

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Computer diagramming is the process of creating scalable diagrams on a PC that can be used in various applications such as layout design, organization charts, timelines, floor plans and even prototype software user interfaces.

Diagrams are made of shapes, objects and stencils, which when combined http://replace.me/9176.txt correctly, can help project a lot of useful information. Modern computer diagramming relies on using vector-based shapes instead of raster shapes. Raster shapes or bitmaps do not scale well, and their resolution and quality deteriorates with every edit. However, vector shapes are mathematical representations of a shape and hence scale well. Vector shapes are not affected by edits and are the most appropriate to use when precise mkcrosoft are required.

Computer diagramming can be shape-based artwork or more complex drafting often seen in CAD Computer Aided Design programs. CAD contains a lot more information such as the materials, processes, and specific conventions of the diagram.

Shape-based artwork is more commonly used to depict lesser technical information. Microsoft Visio is the most popular diagramming software, however, there are alternatives that are often as good and in some cases, free. For simple diagramming requirements, the following tools should work just fine. Gliffy is a popular online diagramming tool. Gliffy supports floor plans, venn diagrams, flow charts, network diagrams, etc.

Gliffy can import Microsoft Visio documents and integrate with Google Drive to enable saving documents in the cloud and easy collaboration. There are many themes and templates to choose from, making Gliffy a solid online 203 to Visio.

Gliffy can be used freely for up to 5 diagrams or 2 MB file size. There are monthly plans that can be purchased depending on the number of diagrams needed. It can import Visio documents and work with very complex diagrams such as biological pathways.

It is optimized for large CAD drawings and allows easy collaboration читать полностью sharing. There are many sample diagrams and templates to help you get started as well.

OmniGraffle is a comprehensive diagramming software that can create visually appealing designs at a significantly cheaper price than Visio. It supports importing Visio documents and exporting to a ton of popular formats including SVG. There are extensive options for stencils, canvases, templates, and objects allowing to easily create wireframe diagrams, trees, floor plans, and a whole lot more. The latest version supports scripting in AppleScript or JavaScript to automate almost every aspect of the software.

It also supports Touch Bar on the latest MacBooks. Microsoft Visio is one of the most popular diagramming software that poweerpoint diagramming, data visualization, and process modelling in a familiar interface. Visio comes with an array of templates and built-in shapes that allow creating virtually any diagram of any complexity. Visio also allows users to define their own shapes and import them into the drawing. Visio has been more of an enterprise-class software as home users rarely would need to use the rree diagramming functions in ,icrosoft.

However, many home users are purchasing the Standard edition of Visio to better visualize simple diagrams such as family trees or floor layout plans. Visio owes its success in the enterprise due to its tight integration with other Microsoft Office products such as Word, Excel, and Access. Microsoft official academic course powerpoint 2013 pdf free can be directly imported from these softwares and converted into meaningful diagrams, which change in real-time in accordance with the data.

For example, an Excel spreadsheet might have information about current flows through an electrical line. Visio can be used to diagrammatically represent this and whenever the Excel data gets updated, the same will be reflected in the Visio diagram as well. Newer versions of Visio from Visio onwards support. The latest version of Visio can also be purchased as part of the Office subscription with access to the online Microsoft official academic course powerpoint 2013 pdf free viewer as well.

Getting Acacemic as part of Office is the best choice in order to keep up-to-date with the latest features and enhancements. Visio being part of the Office suite, is updated continuously throughout the year. If you have a qualifying Office subscription, you are entitled to regular updates automatically. Users who purchase the standalone versions of Visio do not however, receive feature updates and must upgrade separately to a higher version when released.

Data Visualizer helps in automatically creating process diagrams from Excel data. Premade or custom Excel templates containing information that fit into diagrams can be imported directly into Visio using the Data Visualizer and transformed into a Visio diagram.

Any changes made to the original Excel file reflects in the Visio diagram as well. The latest version of Visio enables reverse engineering of databases to create a visual representation of the database. The microsoft official academic course powerpoint 2013 pdf free update to Visio for Office comes with many new standardized templates catering to industries such as business processes, software development, IT and education.

These templates are supplied by coures Microsoft and other third parties extending the capabilities of Visio Visio diagrams stored on SharePoint or OneDrive for business microsoft official academic course powerpoint 2013 pdf free now be opened for review in any modern web browser with Visio Online available with Office or in the free Visio Viewer app for the iPad. In this chapter, we will learn about the user interface in Visio. It is important to properly understand the user interface to get the most out of this tool.

The user interface of Visio is similar to that of other programs in the Office suite. You will be greeted with a Start page that lists some microsoft official academic course powerpoint 2013 pdf free the recent documents you have opened along with featured offiicial for правы. download boot repair disk for windows 10 считаю common diagram types.

The top right corner shows the Microsoft account you are connected to, http://replace.me/15948.txt you are an Office subscriber. Apart from the featured templates, you can also click Templates to browse through the template categories. The document interface of Visio is similar to other Office programs such as Word or Excel.

On the top, you have the Quick Access toolbar, which contains common commands, such as Save, Undo, and Redo. This can be customized as needed.

Below the Academuc Access toolbar is the familiar Office Ribbon. The Home tab lists common commands for working with the document. We will learn more about other tabs as we go along. On the left-hand pane, there is Shapes, which lists the common shapes that go well with the template.

To insert a shape, just click and drag the shape onto the canvas. There are many shapes available in Visio and we will get more familiar with them as we move ahead. Of course, you can also search for more shapes, if needed online, using the academmic search tool. When you coirse shapes onto the canvas, you will see guides that help you align the shapes with respect to the objects mifrosoft on the canvas.

You also have a ruler on the top and left of the canvas. This gives microsoft official academic course powerpoint 2013 pdf free sense microsoft official academic course powerpoint 2013 pdf free perspective and lets you create perfectly aligned diagrams. Shapes in Visio are basically vector graphics and as such you can enlarge or shrink the size as needed without loss of quality.

You also get an idea of the microsotf dimensions of all the other shapes indicated by green arrows when you try to change the dimensions of any shape.

To open a file in Visio, go to the File menu, which opens the backstage view and click Open. The Odf section lets you directly access the recent drawings that you have opened or saved. Based on your setup, the Open menu lists some of the file locations that you can browse for Visio drawings. Alternatively, click Browse and select the Visio drawing from a local or network folder. Visio files have the extension. Once you open a Visio drawing, you will see that the user interface changes according to the drawing.

In the following example, we have opened an org chart and you can observe that the shape stencils corresponding to the org chart are now available in the Shapes pane. In case of this file, you will also notice an Org Chart tab in the Ribbon that gives you additional options for working with the shapes in academlc chart, and also allows linking the shapes to data from external sources such as Excel.

You can adjust the spacing between individual shapes and also change the height and width of all shapes in one click. The Compare command in the Organization Data section of the Org Chart tab lets you compare the contents of this org chart with another officisl chart or diagram open in Visio. The output is generated as an HTML file, which lists out the similarities and differences between the two diagrams. You can show or hide microsoft official academic course powerpoint 2013 pdf free in the UI to whatever suits you best.

The Quick Access Toolbar allows you to easily add power;oint commands so that they are always available within reach. Apart from the standard Undo, Microsoft official academic course powerpoint 2013 pdf free, and Save commands, you can add additional buttons, such as a toggle between Touch and Mouse mode depending on your display by clicking the arrow icon in the Quick Access Toolbar.

You can also add more commands by clicking the option More Commands The Ribbon can be collapsed to allow more real estate for the canvas. You can reduce or expand the Как сообщается здесь pane by clicking and dragging the edge of the pane inwards or outwards respectively. The Ribbon can be customized just like the Quick Access Toolbar but to do so, you need to navigate to the File menu and click Options.

Then click Customize Ribbon. You can select the tabs that you wish to display on the workspace. You can also create a new tab or group by clicking New Tab or New Group to accommodate the commands that you use frequently.

Visio has a few options for changing how you view the drawing. The View tab lists all the possible view options that you can use on the canvas. We will look at some of the commands that are useful in changing view modes. Basically, slide snippets allow you to directly export a Visio diagram as a PowerPoint slide.

To take a slide microsoft official academic course powerpoint 2013 pdf free, click the Slide Snippets Pane mcafee windows 10 free стиль the View tab to open it. Then, select an area officiql the drawing that you want to export to a PowerPoint slide and click the Add button in the Slide Snippets Pane. Add a title in the Enter title here The Presentation Mode shows a full screen view of the drawing without any distractions. This mode can also be toggled by pressing F5 on the keyboard.

You can toggle between showing the vertical and horizontal rulers, the grid, and the guides by toggling the corresponding checkboxes in the Show area of the View tab.

Microsoft set up within its Applications Division an independent “Graphics Business Unit” to develop and market PowerPoint, the first Microsoft application group distant from the main Redmond location. A new PowerPoint 2. PowerPoint 3. This was at first an alternative to overhead transparencies and 35 mm slides, but over time would come to replace them. PowerPoint had been included in Microsoft Office from the beginning.

PowerPoint 2. A plan to integrate the applications themselves more tightly had been indicated as early as February , toward the end of PowerPoint 3. Another important question is what portion of our applications sales over time will be a set of applications versus a single product. Please assume that we stay ahead in integrating our family together in evaluating our future strategies—the product teams WILL deliver on this. The move from bundling separate products to integrated development began with PowerPoint 4.

When it was released, the computer press reported on the change approvingly: “PowerPoint 4. The integration is so good, you’ll have to look twice to make sure you’re running PowerPoint and not Word or Excel. Although PowerPoint by this point had become part of the integrated Microsoft Office product, its development remained in Silicon Valley.

Succeeding versions of PowerPoint introduced important changes, particularly version Since then major development of PowerPoint as part of Office has continued. New development techniques shared across Office for PowerPoint have made it possible to ship versions of PowerPoint for Windows, Mac, iOS, Android, and web access nearly simultaneously, [ citation needed ] and to release new features on an almost monthly schedule.

In , Jeff Raikes, who had most recently been President of the Business Division of Microsoft including responsibility for Office , [63] observed: “of course, today we know that PowerPoint is oftentimes the number two—or in some cases even the number one—most-used tool” among the applications in Office. PowerPoint’s initial sales were about 40, copies sold in nine months , about 85, copies in , and about , copies in , all for Macintosh. Jeff Raikes, who had bought PowerPoint for Microsoft, later recalled: “By , it looked like it wasn’t a very smart idea [for Microsoft to have acquired PowerPoint], because not very many people were using PowerPoint.

This began to change when the first version for Windows, PowerPoint 2. Sales of PowerPoint 3. By PowerPoint sales had doubled again, to more than 4 million copies annually, representing 85 percent of the world market. Since the late s, PowerPoint’s market share of total world presentation software has been estimated at 95 percent by both industry and academic sources. The earliest version of PowerPoint for Macintosh could be used to print black and white pages to be photocopied onto sheets of transparent film for projection from overhead projectors , and to print speaker’s notes and audience handouts; the next version for Macintosh, for Windows was extended to also produce color 35mm slides by communicating a file over a modem to a Genigraphics imaging center with slides returned by overnight delivery for projection from slide projectors.

PowerPoint was used for planning and preparing a presentation, but not for delivering it apart from previewing it on a computer screen, or distributing printed paper copies. Robert Gaskins, one of the creators of PowerPoint, says he publicly demonstrated that use for the first time at a large Microsoft meeting held in Paris on February 25, , by using an unreleased development build of PowerPoint 3.

By about , ten years later, digital projection had become the dominant mode of use, replacing transparencies and 35mm slides and their projectors. Although the PowerPoint software had been used to generate transparencies for over a decade, this usage was not typically encompassed by a common understanding of the term.

In contemporary operation, PowerPoint is used to create a file called a “presentation” or “deck” containing a sequence of pages called “slides” in the app which usually have a consistent style from template masters , and which may contain information imported from other apps or created in PowerPoint, including text, bullet lists, tables, charts, drawn shapes, images, audio clips, video clips, animations of elements, and animated transitions between slides, plus attached notes for each slide.

After such a file is created, typical operation is to present it as a slide show using a portable computer, where the presentation file is stored on the computer or available from a network, and the computer’s screen shows a “presenter view” with current slide, next slide, speaker’s notes for the current slide, and other information. A smartphone remote control built in to PowerPoint for iOS optionally controlled from Apple Watch [82] and for Android [83] allows the presenter to control the show from elsewhere in the room.

In addition to a computer slide show projected to a live audience by a speaker, PowerPoint can be used to deliver a presentation in a number of other ways:. The standard form of such presentations involves a single person standing before a group of people, talking and using the PowerPoint slideshow to project visual aids onto a screen. In practice, however, presentations are not always delivered in this mode.

In our studies, we often found that the presenter sat at a table with a small group of people and walked them through a “deck”, composed of paper copies of the slides. In some cases, decks were simply distributed to individuals, without even a walk-through or discussion.

Other variations in the form included sending the PowerPoint file electronically to another site and talking through the slides over an audio or video channel e. Another common variation was placing a PowerPoint file on a web site for people to view at different times. They found that some of these ways of using PowerPoint could influence the content of presentations, for example when “the slides themselves have to carry more of the substance of the presentation, and thus need considerably more content than they would have if they were intended for projection by a speaker who would orally provide additional details and nuance about content and context.

PowerPoint Mobile is included with Windows Mobile 5. It is a presentation program capable of reading and editing Microsoft PowerPoint presentations, although authoring abilities are limited to adding notes, editing text, and rearranging slides. It can’t create new presentations. In this version of PowerPoint users can create and edit new presentations, present, and share their PowerPoint documents. PowerPoint for the web is a free lightweight version of Microsoft PowerPoint available as part of Office on the web, which also includes web versions of Microsoft Excel and Microsoft Word.

PowerPoint for the web does not support inserting or editing charts, equations, or audio or video stored on your PC, but they are all displayed in the presentation if they were added in using a desktop app.

Some elements, like WordArt effects or more advanced animations and transitions, are not displayed at all, although they are preserved in the document. PowerPoint for the web also lacks the Outline, Master, Slide Sorter, and Presenter views present in the desktop app, as well as having limited printing options.

PowerPoint was originally targeted just for business presentations. Robert Gaskins, who was responsible for its design, has written about his intended customers: ” I did not target other existing large groups of users of presentations, such as school teachers or military officers.

I also did not plan to target people who were not existing users of presentations Our focus was purely on business users, in small and large companies, from one person to the largest multinationals. PowerPoint use in business grew over its first five years to sales of about 1 million copies annually, for worldwide market share of 63 percent.

Not everyone immediately approved of the greater use of PowerPoint for presentations, even in business. At the same time that PowerPoint was becoming dominant in business settings, it was also being adopted for uses beyond business: “Personal computing The result has been the rise of presentation culture. In an information society, nearly everyone presents. In , at about the same time that Gold was pronouncing PowerPoint’s ubiquity in business, the influential Bell Labs engineer Robert W.

Lucky could already write about broader uses: []. A new language is in the air, and it is codified in PowerPoint. In a family discussion about what to do on a given evening, for example, I feel like pulling out my laptop and giving a Vugraph presentation In church, I am surprised that the preachers haven’t caught on yet. How have we gotten on so long without PowerPoint? Over a decade or so, beginning in the mid s, PowerPoint began to be used in many communication situations, well beyond its original business presentation uses, to include teaching in schools [] and in universities, [] lecturing in scientific meetings [] and preparing their related poster sessions [] , worshipping in churches, [] making legal arguments in courtrooms, [] displaying supertitles in theaters, [] driving helmet-mounted displays in spacesuits for NASA astronauts, [] giving military briefings, [] issuing governmental reports, [] undertaking diplomatic negotiations, [] [] writing novels, [] giving architectural demonstrations, [] prototyping website designs, [] creating animated video games, [] creating art projects, [] and even as a substitute for writing engineering technical reports, [] and as an organizing tool for writing general business documents.

By , it seemed that PowerPoint was being used everywhere. Julia Keller reported for the Chicago Tribune : []. In less than a decade, it has revolutionized the worlds of business, education, science, and communications, swiftly becoming the standard for just about anybody who wants to explain just about anything to just about anybody else.

From corporate middle managers reporting on production goals to 4th-graders fashioning a show-and-tell on the French and Indian War to church pastors explicating the seven deadly sins PowerPoint seems poised for world domination. As uses broadened, cultural awareness of PowerPoint grew and commentary about it began to appear. Out of all the analyses of PowerPoint over a quarter of a century, at least three general themes emerged as categories of reaction to its broader use: 1 “Use it less”: avoid PowerPoint in favor of alternatives, such as using more-complex graphics and written prose, or using nothing; [17] 2 “Use it differently”: make a major change to a PowerPoint style that is simpler and pictorial, turning the presentation toward a performance, more like a Steve Jobs keynote; [18] and 3 “Use it better”: retain much of the conventional PowerPoint style but learn to avoid making many kinds of mistakes that can interfere with communication.

An early reaction was that the broader use of PowerPoint was a mistake, and should be reversed. An influential example of this came from Edward Tufte , an authority on information design, who has been a professor of political science, statistics, and computer science at Princeton and Yale, but is best known for his self-published books on data visualization, which have sold nearly 2 million copies as of In , he published a widely-read booklet titled The Cognitive Style of PowerPoint, revised in PowerPoint’s convenience for some presenters is costly to the content and the audience.

These costs arise from the cognitive style characteristics of the standard default PP presentation: foreshortening of evidence and thought, low spatial resolution, an intensely hierarchical single-path structure as the model for organizing every type of content, breaking up narratives and data into slides and minimal fragments, rapid temporal sequencing of thin information rather than focused spatial analysis, conspicuous chartjunk and PP Phluff, branding of slides with logotypes, a preoccupation with format not content, incompetent designs for data graphics and tables, and a smirky commercialism that turns information into a sales pitch and presenters into marketeers [italics in original].

Tufte particularly advised against using PowerPoint for reporting scientific analyses, using as a dramatic example some slides made during the flight of the space shuttle Columbia after it had been damaged by an accident at liftoff, slides which poorly communicated the engineers’ limited understanding of what had happened.

Many commentators enthusiastically joined in Tufte’s vivid criticism of PowerPoint uses, [] and at a conference held in a decade after Tufte’s booklet appeared one paper claimed that “Despite all the criticism about his work, Tufte can be considered as the single most influential author in the discourse on PowerPoint.

While his approach was not rigorous from a research perspective, his articles received wide resonance with the public at large It’s like denouncing lectures—before there were awful PowerPoint presentations, there were awful scripted lectures, unscripted lectures, slide shows, chalk talks, and so on. Much of the early commentary, on all sides, was “informal” and “anecdotal”, because empirical research had been limited. A second reaction to PowerPoint use was to say that PowerPoint can be used well, but only by substantially changing its style of use.

This reaction is exemplified by Richard E. Mayer , a professor of psychology at the University of California, Santa Barbara, who has studied cognition and learning, particularly the design of educational multimedia, and who has published more than publications, including over 30 books. Instead, we have to change our PowerPoint habits to align with the way people learn. Tufte had argued his judgment that the information density of text on PowerPoint slides was too low, perhaps only 40 words on a slide, leading to over-simplified messages; [] Mayer responded that his empirical research showed exactly the opposite, that the amount of text on PowerPoint slides was usually too high, and that even fewer than 40 words on a slide resulted in “PowerPoint overload” that impeded understanding during presentations.

Mayer suggested a few major changes from traditional PowerPoint formats: [18]. Mayer’s ideas are claimed by Carmine Gallo to have been reflected in Steve Jobs’s presentations: “Mayer outlined fundamental principles of multimedia design based on what scientists know about cognitive functioning.

Steve Jobs’s slides adhere to each of Mayer’s principles Although most presentation designers who are familiar with both formats prefer to work in the more elegant Keynote system, those same designers will tell you that the majority of their client work is done in PowerPoint. Consistent with its association with Steve Jobs’s keynotes, a response to this style has been that it is particularly effective for “ballroom-style presentations” as often given in conference center ballrooms where a celebrated and practiced speaker addresses a large passive audience, but less appropriate for “conference room-style presentations” which are often recurring internal business meetings for in-depth discussion with motivated counterparts.

A third reaction to PowerPoint use was to conclude that the standard style is capable of being used well, but that many small points need to be executed carefully, to avoid impeding understanding. This kind of analysis is particularly associated with Stephen Kosslyn , a cognitive neuroscientist who specializes in the psychology of learning and visual communication, and who has been head of the department of psychology at Harvard, has been Director of Stanford’s Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, and has published some papers and 14 books.

Kosslyn presented a set of psychological principles of “human perception, memory, and comprehension” that “appears to capture the major points of agreement among researchers. For this reason, Kosslyn says, users need specific education to be able to identify best ways to avoid “flaws and failures”: [].

Specifically, we hypothesized and found that the psychological principles are often violated in PowerPoint slideshows across different fields These studies converge in painting the following picture: PowerPoint presentations are commonly flawed; some types of flaws are more common than others; flaws are not isolated to one domain or context; and, although some types of flaws annoy the audience, flaws at the level of slide design are not always obvious to an untrained observer The many “flaws and failures” identified were those “likely to disrupt the comprehension or memory of the material.

Kosslyn observes that these findings could help to explain why the many studies of the instructional effectiveness of PowerPoint have been inconclusive and conflicting, if there were differences in the quality of the presentations tested in different studies that went unobserved because “many may feel that ‘good design’ is intuitively clear. In Kosslyn wrote a book about PowerPoint, in which he suggested a very large number of fairly modest changes to PowerPoint styles and gave advice on recommended ways of using PowerPoint.

In fact, this medium is a remarkably versatile tool that can be extraordinarily effective. For many purposes, PowerPoint presentations are a superior medium of communication, which is why they have become standard in so many fields.

In , an online poll of social media users in the UK was reported to show that PowerPoint “remains as popular with young tech-savvy users as it is with the Baby Boomers,” with about four out of five saying that “PowerPoint was a great tool for making presentations,” in part because “PowerPoint, with its capacity to be highly visual, bridges the wordy world of yesterday with the visual future of tomorrow. Also in , the Managerial Communication Group of MIT Sloan School of Management polled their incoming MBA students, finding that “results underscore just how differently this generation communicates as compared with older workers.

Two-thirds report that they present on a daily or weekly basis—so it’s no surprise that in-person presentations is the top skill they hope to improve. The trend is toward presentations and slides, and we don’t see any sign of that slowing down. Use of PowerPoint by the U. By , ten years after PowerPoint for Windows appeared, it was already identified as an important feature of U. Old-fashioned slide briefings, designed to update generals on troop movements, have been a staple of the military since World War II.

But in only a few short years PowerPoint has altered the landscape. Just as word processing made it easier to produce long, meandering memos, the spread of PowerPoint has unleashed a blizzard of jazzy but often incoherent visuals. Instead of drawing up a dozen slides on a legal pad and running them over to the graphics department, captains and colonels now can create hundreds of slides in a few hours without ever leaving their desks.

If the spirit moves them they can build in gunfire sound effects and images that explode like land mines. PowerPoint has become such an ingrained part of the defense culture that it has seeped into the military lexicon. After another 10 years, in and again on its front page the New York Times reported that PowerPoint use in the military was then “a military tool that has spun out of control”: []. Like an insurgency, PowerPoint has crept into the daily lives of military commanders and reached the level of near obsession.

The amount of time expended on PowerPoint, the Microsoft presentation program of computer-generated charts, graphs and bullet points, has made it a running joke in the Pentagon and in Iraq and Afghanistan. Commanders say that behind all the PowerPoint jokes are serious concerns that the program stifles discussion, critical thinking and thoughtful decision-making. Not least, it ties up junior officers The New York Times account went on to say that as a result some U.

James N. He spoke without PowerPoint. McMaster , who banned PowerPoint presentations when he led the successful effort to secure the northern Iraqi city of Tal Afar in , followed up at the same conference by likening PowerPoint to an internal threat. Several incidents, about the same time, gave wide currency to discussions by serving military officers describing excessive PowerPoint use and the organizational culture that encouraged it. Kosslyn sent a joint letter to the editor stressing the institutional culture of the military: ” The problem is not in the tool itself, but in the way that people use it—which is partly a result of how institutions promote misuse.

The two generals who had been mentioned in as opposing the institutional culture of excessive PowerPoint use were both in the news again in , when James N. Mattis became U. Secretary of Defense, [] and H. McMaster was appointed as U. National Security Advisor. It started off as a joke this software is a symbol of corporate salesmanship, or lack thereof but then the work took on a life of its own as I realized I could create pieces that were moving, despite the limitations of the ‘medium.

In Byrne toured with a theater piece styled as a PowerPoint presentation. When he presented it in Berkeley, on March 8, , the University of California news service reported: “Byrne also defended its [PowerPoint’s] appeal as more than just a business tool—as a medium for art and theater.

Berkeley alumnus Bob Gaskins and Dennis Austin Eventually, Byrne said, PowerPoint could be the foundation for ‘presentational theater,’ with roots in Brechtian drama and Asian puppet theater. I was terrified. The expressions “PowerPoint Art” or ” pptArt ” are used to define a contemporary Italian artistic movement which believes that the corporate world can be a unique and exceptional source of inspiration for the artist. The wide use of PowerPoint had, by , given rise to ” PowerPoint Viewer is the name for a series of small free application programs to be used on computers without PowerPoint installed, to view, project, or print but not create or edit presentations.

The first version was introduced with PowerPoint 3. Beginning with PowerPoint , a feature called “Package for CD” automatically managed all linked video and audio files plus needed fonts when exporting a presentation to a disk or flash drive or network location, [] and also included a copy of a revised PowerPoint Viewer application so that the result could be presented on other PCs without installing anything.

The latest version that runs on Windows “was created in conjunction with PowerPoint , but it can also be used to view newer presentations created in PowerPoint and PowerPoint All transitions, videos and effects appear and behave the same when viewed using PowerPoint Viewer as they do when viewed in PowerPoint As of May [update] , the last versions of PowerPoint Viewer for all platforms have been retired by Microsoft; they are no longer available for download and no longer receive security updates.

PowerPoint Online. Early versions of PowerPoint, from through versions 1. A stable binary format called a. It was based on the Compound File Binary Format. The “. Binary filename extensions []. Binary media types []. XML filename extensions []. XML media types []. The standardization process was contentious. PowerPoint version The reason for the two variants was explained by Microsoft: []. The first objective was for the Open XML standard to provide an XML-based file format that could fully support conversion of the billions of existing Office documents without any loss of features, content, text, layout, or other information, including embedded data.

The second was to specify a file format that did not rely on Microsoft-specific data types. They created two variants of Open XML—Transitional, which supports previously-defined Microsoft-specific data types, and Strict, which does not rely on them. The PowerPoint.

Library of Congress. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Presentation application, part of Microsoft Office. For other uses, see Power point disambiguation. A photo presentation being created and edited in PowerPoint, running on Windows Office Beta Channel List of languages. PowerPoint for Mac version See also: History of Microsoft Office. See also: Richard E. Mayer and Steve Jobs Keynotes.

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NET will use the Microsoft Access database format for its tables and queries. Microsoft Access may also be part of a more complex solution, where it may be integrated with other technologies such as Microsoft Excel , Microsoft Outlook , Microsoft Word , Microsoft PowerPoint and ActiveX controls. Access tables support a variety of standard field types, indices , and referential integrity including cascading updates and deletes.

Access also includes a query interface, forms to display and enter data, and reports for printing. The underlying Access database , which contains these objects, is multi-user and handles record-locking.

Repetitive tasks can be automated through macros with point-and-click options. It is also easy to place a database on a network and have multiple users share and update data without overwriting each other’s work.

Data is locked at the record level which is significantly different from Excel which locks the entire spreadsheet.

There are template databases within the program and for download from Microsoft’s website. These options are available upon starting Access and allow users to enhance a database with predefined tables, queries , forms, reports, and macros. Power users and developers can extend basic end-user solutions to a professional solution with advanced automation, data validation , error trapping , and multi-user support. The number of simultaneous users that can be supported depends on the amount of data, the tasks being performed, level of use, and application design.

Generally accepted limits are solutions with 1 GB or less of data Access supports up to 2 GB and it performs quite well with or fewer simultaneous connections concurrent users are supported. If using an Access database solution in a multi-user scenario, the application should be “split”. This means that the tables are in one file called the back end typically stored on a shared network folder and the application components forms, reports, queries, code, macros, linked tables are in another file called the front end.

The linked tables in the front end point to the back end file. Each user of the Access application would then receive his or her own copy of the front end file.

Applications that run complex queries or analysis across large datasets would naturally require greater bandwidth and memory. Microsoft Access is designed to scale to support more data and users by linking to multiple Access databases or using a back-end database like Microsoft SQL Server. With the latter design, the amount of data and users can scale to enterprise-level solutions. Microsoft Access’s role in web development prior to version is limited. User interface features of Access, such as forms and reports, only work in Windows.

In versions through an Access object type called Data Access Pages created publishable web pages. Data Access Pages are no longer supported. The data i.

Access allows databases to be published to SharePoint web sites running Access Services. These web-based forms and reports run in any modern web browser. The resulting web forms and reports, when accessed via a web browser, don’t require any add-ins or extensions e.

Access can create web applications directly in SharePoint sites running Access Services. Access web solutions store its data in an underlying SQL Server database which is much more scalable and robust than the Access version which used SharePoint lists to store its data. Access Services in SharePoint has since been retired.

A compiled version of an Access database file extensions. ADE; ACCDE only works with Access or later can be created to prevent users from accessing the design surfaces to modify module code, forms, and reports.

Both the. MDE and. ADE versions of an Access database are used when end-user modifications are not allowed or when the application’s source code should be kept confidential. Microsoft also offers developer extensions for download to help distribute Access applications, create database templates, and integrate source code control with Microsoft Visual SourceSafe.

Users can create tables, queries, forms and reports, and connect them together with macros. Advanced users can use VBA to write rich solutions with advanced data manipulation and user control. Access also has report creation features that can work with any data source that Access can access.

The original concept of Access was for end users to be able to access data from any source. It also has the ability to link to data in its existing location and use it for viewing, querying, editing, and reporting. This allows the existing data to change while ensuring that Access uses the latest data. It can perform heterogeneous joins between data sets stored across different platforms.

Access is often used by people downloading data from enterprise level databases for manipulation, analysis, and reporting locally. This makes it very convenient to distribute the entire application to another user, who can run it in disconnected environments. One of the benefits of Access from a programmer’s perspective is its relative compatibility with SQL structured query language —queries can be viewed graphically or edited as SQL statements, and SQL statements can be used directly in Macros and VBA Modules to manipulate Access tables.

Users can mix and use both VBA and “Macros” for programming forms and logic and offers object-oriented possibilities. VBA can also be included in queries. Microsoft Access offers parameterized queries. These queries and Access tables can be referenced from other programs like VB6 and.

Microsoft Access is a file server -based database. Unlike client—server relational database management systems RDBMS , Microsoft Access does not implement database triggers , stored procedures , or transaction logging. Access includes table-level triggers and stored procedures built into the ACE data engine. Thus a Client-server database system is not a requirement for using stored procedures or table triggers with Access Tables, queries, forms, reports and macros can now be developed specifically for web based applications in Access Integration with Microsoft SharePoint is also highly improved.

The edition of Microsoft Access introduced a mostly flat design and the ability to install apps from the Office Store, but it did not introduce new features. The theme was partially updated again for , but no dark theme was created for Access. NET web forms can query a Microsoft Access database, retrieve records and display them on the browser. SharePoint Server via Access Services allows for Access databases to be published to SharePoint, thus enabling multiple users to interact with the database application from any standards-compliant Web browser.

Access Web databases published to SharePoint Server can use standard objects such as tables, queries, forms, macros, and reports. Access Services stores those objects in SharePoint. Access offers the ability to publish Access web solutions on SharePoint The macro language is enhanced to support more sophisticated programming logic and database level automation. Microsoft Access can also import or link directly to data stored in other applications and databases. Microsoft offers free runtime versions of Microsoft Access which allow users to run an Access desktop application without needing to purchase or install a retail version of Microsoft Access.

This actually allows Access developers to create databases that can be freely distributed to an unlimited number of end-users. These runtime versions of Access and later can be downloaded for free from Microsoft. The runtime version allows users to view, edit and delete data, along with running queries, forms, reports, macros and VBA module code. The runtime version does not allow users to change the design of Microsoft Access tables, queries, forms, reports, macros or module code. The runtime versions are similar to their corresponding full version of Access and usually compatible with earlier versions; for example Access Runtime allows a user to run an Access application made with the version as well as through Due to deprecated features in Access , its runtime version is also unable to support those older features.

Access stores all database tables, queries, forms, reports, macros, and modules in the Access Jet database as a single file. For query development, Access offers a “Query Designer”, a graphical user interface that allows users to build queries without knowledge of structured query language.

In the Query Designer, users can “show” the datasources of the query which can be tables or queries and select the fields they want returned by clicking and dragging them into the grid.

One can set up joins by clicking and dragging fields in tables to fields in other tables. Access allows users to view and manipulate the SQL code if desired.

Any Access table, including linked tables from different data sources, can be used in a query. Access also supports the creation of “pass-through queries”. This enables users to interact with data stored outside the Access program without using linked tables or Jet. When developing reports in “Design View” additions or changes to controls cause any linked queries to execute in the background and the designer is forced to wait for records to be returned before being able to make another change.

This feature cannot be turned off. Non-programmers can use the macro feature to automate simple tasks through a series of drop-down selections. Macros allow users to easily chain commands together such as running queries, importing or exporting data, opening and closing forms, previewing and printing reports, etc. Macros support basic logic IF-conditions and the ability to call other macros.

Macros can also contain sub-macros which are similar to subroutines. Terrace with Kitchenette microwave, toaster, kettle ,minibar,t. Can accommodate four peoples 2 double beds. Situated in full town center close to restaurants, Each piece is handmade and unique, and cannot be exactly replicated.

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Afro-American gospel: authentic gospel? You are at the right place! Your Gospel Team is a gospel choir, the first one in Switzerland, specialized in the animation of the weddings, concerts, The machine is in good working order. Select the shape for which you want to use the callout. To insert a callout, go to the Insert tab on the Ribbon and click the Callout dropdown menu in the Diagram Parts section.

You will see that there are many designs to choose from for the callout. Select a design appropriate for the callout. The callout will appear connected to the selected shape. In this example, we have added a callout for the Back to Research process called Extensive Research. The callout is linked to the shape and can be moved about anywhere in the drawing, however it will always stay connected to the shape. Visio will zoom in when you click the callout to enable typing and will zoom out when clicked outside the callout.

This text now needs to be converted into a hyperlink. To do so, select the text in the text box and in the Insert tab again. Click Link to open the Hyperlinks dialog box. You can specify the links to websites or a local file on your computer. Click OK to convert the selected text into a hyperlink. You can directly hyperlink a text or a shape to a file. Double-clicking the text or shape opens the hyperlinked file.

The procedure is similar to hyperlinking a website. Select the shape or text that you want to create a hyperlink for and click the Link button in the Insert tab of the Ribbon. In the Hyperlinks dialog box, click Browse… adjacent to the Address field and click Local File… to browse to the location of the file.

Make sure that the Use relative path for hyperlink box is selected to ensure that the file path is updated automatically when you change the file location. Visio also makes it possible to hyperlink pages in a multi-page document so that clicking the link will directly take you to the linked page.

To hyperlink pages, select a text or shape to be linked to and click Links in the Insert tab in the Ribbon. In the Hyperlinks dialog box, make sure to click Browse… adjacent to the Sub-address field. Select the destination page in the Page field. You can also set a default zoom level in the Zoom dropdown menu so that navigating to the linked page opens it at the desired zoom. You need not be content with the default theme. Visio allows to customize the theme and overall look of the document.

To apply a theme, go to the Design tab and choose from any of the many theme options available. Once you click any of the available themes, the theme will be applied to the document. You can further personalize it by selecting from one of the many options in the Variants section. The Variants section allows you to customize theme colors as needed. Clicking the dropdown menu in the Variants section allows to customize the theme colors, effects, and connectors.

It opens the New Theme Colors dialog box, which allows to customize each of the accents in the theme. If you are familiar with Microsoft Word, you should be right at home in Visio with respect to formatting text.

You can format titles and text within shapes. You can also use the Format Painter command to copy formatting and paste it into another shape or text box. To format the text, select the text box containing the text or highlight the text itself. Then, choose from the options available in the Font and Paragraph sections of the Home tab.

You can change the font, size, color, and paragraph alignment. If you want to change the font styles in a shape, just double-click the shape to select the text within the shape and change the font styles as desired. You can also format the shapes to give them a more professional or casual look as desired.

To format shapes, select the shape in the diagram and format using the options available in the Shape Styles section. You can select predefined shape styles or you can customize the shape using the Fill dropdown menu. To adjust the color of the shape border, select a color from the Line dropdown menu. The Effects menu allows to add special effects to your shape such as drop shadows or 3D rotations. Visio makes it easy to format the shape outlines and the connectors.

You might be looking to format a shape outline to make it stand out from the rest of the shapes or to highlight something important. To format a shape outline, click the shape or hold down the Ctrl key on the keyboard and select multiple shapes. This will open a Format Shape flyout. In the Line section, select the options you need to customize the shape outline. You can change the color of the shape outline, increase the width to add more weight, change the rounding, and a whole lot more.

You can also create gradients for the line to suit the diagram. Like shape outlines, connectors can also be formatted as needed. To format a connector, select the connector in the diagram and bring up the Format Shape pane by going to the Line dropdown menu and clicking Line Options In the Line section of the Format Shapes pane, select the Dash type of your choice to change the connector pattern.

You can also change the color of the connector and adjust the transparency levels as needed. Visio comes with visual aids to help align and structure the elements in the diagram so that it appears great both on-screen and in print. The main visual aids available include rulers, grids, and guides. Rulers help in providing perspective to the elements in the diagram. They help orient the shapes to attain a consistent and clean look.

Rulers can be switched off or on with a simple checkbox in the Show section of the View tab. When you move a shape, you will notice that there are 3 dotted lines shown in the following example in red rectangles on both the vertical and horizontal rulers. These 3 dotted lines denote the left, middle, and right parts of the diagram. When you drag the shape vertically or horizontally, these 3 dotted lines help position the shape exactly at the place you need.

Just like rulers, guides help in orienting different shapes of the diagram properly. You can create any number of guides from both the vertical and horizontal rulers. To create a guide, simply drag a line from either the vertical or horizontal rulers.

Guides are represented by lines, which appear thick when selected. You can delete a guide by simply selecting the guide and pressing the Delete key on the keyboard. Uncheck the Guides checkbox in the View tab to remove all the guides from view.

Dragging a shape onto a guide will enable you to snap the shape to the guide. When a shape is snapped to a guide, it moves along with the guide. Grids not only help to align shapes within the drawing but can also be an important measurement tool.

Grids comprise of square boxes of defined area, which can be adjusted. Therefore, grids help you have an estimate of the likely area occupied by the shape, which allows you to size the shapes as needed. You can also customize the size of each grid by adjusting the spacing between the grids. To do so, click the small downward facing arrow to the bottom-right of the Show section in the View tab.

Apart from commonly used visual aids such as the ruler, guides, and grids, Visio also comes with few other visual aids to help you better organize your diagram. One of the advantages of using SmartShapes is the ability to quickly and easily connect a shape to the top four favorite shapes. AutoConnect helps to quickly select a shape from the top four and instantly establish a connection to the new shape. Sometimes, you might not need this feature.

In such cases, you can disable the AutoConnect feature by simply unchecking the AutoConnect checkbox from the Visual Aids section of the View tab. When the AutoConnect checkbox is unchecked, the SmartShapes and connecting arrows do not appear when a shape is selected. Dynamic grid provides a relative alignment cue when you insert a new shape.

When the Dynamic Grid option is turned on, you will see guides and indicators relative to the shape. Dynamic Grid can be used in conjunction with the actual Grid. The actual Grid is more of an absolute measurement and should be considered when precise measurements are of importance in deciding the placement of the shapes. The Dynamic Grid is more of a relative measurement.

In the above example, we see that turning on the Dynamic Grid allows us to see the relative distance of the new shape with respect to pre-existing shapes. Connection Points help in connecting shapes to specific points along the surface of a shape. For example, a shape can have four Connection Points along its perimeter to which connectors can attach to. Turning on Connection Points help to connect shapes precisely at defined connection points.

Connection Points can be identified by green squares that appear on all sides of the shape. If you want to connect to the shape directly rather than to a connection point on the shape, uncheck the Connection Points checkbox in the View tab of the ribbon. Task Panes provide additional functionality to the user interface. You can use task panes to customize or add parameters to an object.

The Shapes pane which is there by default, is an example of a Task Pane. Task Panes can be floating or docked and can be resized as needed. Apart from the Shapes task pane, there are quite a few other panes, which can be accessed from the Task Panes dropdown menu in the View tab of the Ribbon.

The Shape Data pane allows entry of additional shape metadata. This metadata is contextual and depends on the shape being selected. This is especially useful while working with complex diagrams. This allows to set precise measurements of a shape.

You can also change the angle of orientation of the shape and the pin position from which the measurements are to be considered. The Navigation pane is available only in the Office version of Visio. It basically lists all the elements of the diagram and makes it easy to navigate to each of them.

This is especially useful if the diagram has varied shapes and you want to navigate to a specific shape type. Selecting the name of the shape in the Navigation pane selects it in the canvas. It is easy to work with multiple windows or multiple versions of a document in Visio. You can switch between windows easily or arrange them side by side for a comparative look.

The options for window rearrangement can be found in the Window section of the View tab. New Window basically allows to create a new copy of the existing window. The new copy will not show the stencils directly, however, they can be selected by clicking the More Shapes arrow in the Shapes pane. The new window can be identified by the presence of a number in the title bar of the window. In the following example, the original file name was BlkDiagm. Using the New Window command creates a new window with BlkDiagm: 2 in the title bar.

This function allows you to arrange all windows side by side. This feature is useful for comparing two windows, however, if you have a high-resolution display, you might be able to accommodate more windows beside each other.

The Shapes pane and other panes can be minimized to allow more screen real estate. This function allows cascading of windows to give an overall view of the open windows. The active window is in the foreground, while inactive windows are in the background with title bars visible. Cascade view is useful to know which documents are open at a glance.

The right side of the Print menu shows a preview of the output. You can change the orientation of the page, page size, and select only the pages that you need to print. Depending on your printer, you can also print in color or in greyscale.

Remember that printing in black and white might not produce a good output. Visio includes several ways to create a PDF of the drawing, which is extremely useful for sharing with others. You can save the drawing as a Visio drawing. This opens the Save As dialog box. You might want to use this if you need to have fine grain control over the PDF document such as PDF version or compatibility properties.

You can also directly email the diagram to a recipient. This creates a new email in your default email client with the PDF file readily attached. Just enter the email address of the recipient to send the attachment. Exporting image formats is useful while sharing the drawing easily with others or to put it up on a web page.

To export a drawing, go to the File menu, click Save As and in the Save As type field, choose from the list of supported formats. You can choose from any of the abovementioned graphics formats. Once you choose a graphics format to export to, you will get some options to choose from depending on the capabilities of the graphic format.

The options in the Operation and Color format fields are format specific. You can leave them mostly as default. Set the Background color as white if you have a background for the drawing. Set the Quality as needed.

You can also rotate the drawing or flip it horizontally or vertically. The resolution and size of the output diagram can be matched with the screen, printer, or source. You can also input a custom resolution or size. Click OK. You can also export drawings to web pages which can be hosted on a web site. Visio allows customizing what goes into the web page. You can select which of the components of the diagram that you want to publish and the number of pages to publish.

You can also provide a page title. The HTML file is created in the chosen location along with a folder containing the supporting files. Both the HTML file and the folder are linked together.

Adding SmartShapes automatically creates layers. Layers are basically overlays, which can be individually customized and turned on or off. Each shape and connector in the diagram forms a layer whose properties can be customized. To know the list of layers in the diagram, in the Editing section of the Home tab, click the Layers dropdown menu and click Layer Properties This opens the Layer Properties dialog box, which you can use to customize the different layers in the diagram.

The Layer Properties dialog box lists the different layers in the document and allows changing the individual properties of the layers. Layers are automatically assigned to shapes. However, Visio allows to assign layers to shapes as needed. You can also create your own layers. Let us start by creating a new layer and then assign some shapes to the new layer. Go to the Layer Properties… dialog box in the Layers dropdown menu from the Editing section of the Home tab and click New… Type a name for the new layer.

The new layer will be created in the Layer Properties dialog box and will initially have zero shapes, as they are yet to be assigned. Shapes can be assigned to any layer. To assign a shape to a layer, click the shape or connector in the diagram and then, click Assign to Layer in the Layers dropdown menu from the Editing section of the Home tab. It opens the Layer dialog box from which a shape can be assigned to either an existing or a newly created layer.

Note that the New Layer that was created earlier is now in the list. A shape can be assigned to more than one layer as well. To assign a shape to all the layers in the document, click All and then click OK. The Layer Properties dialog box allows to change the properties of individual layers. The Name field lists the type of layer, while the field lists the number of shapes in that type.

In the following example, we see that there are nine equipment shapes in this diagram. There is a row of checkboxes for each layer type that can be selected or deselected. Unchecking the Visible checkbox makes the shape invisible in the drawing.

If the Print checkbox is checked, the shape will be printed along with the others. Unchecking the Print checkbox will not print the shapes in the layer. Similarly, layers can be made active or locked. Shapes in an active layer can be manipulated without affecting the other shapes or layers. When you lock a shape, Visio prevents any changes from happening to the shape. You cannot drag the shape or change its contents. Snap and Glue will be checked, if the shapes are allowed to snap to a grid. You can also represent a layer by a color for easy recognition.

When you represent a layer by its color, the shapes belonging to that layer will also be colored in the diagram. This is useful if you want to differentiate a set of shapes from another.

Themes and Styles are useful to give the diagram a design makeover and make it stand out. Visio provides a standard set of themes and styles, which are customizable.

Themes apply to the entire diagram. Themes comprise of a set of colors and effects that generally blend well with each other. They are a great way to quickly give the diagram a polished look. Themes also affect other parts of the document such as titles, headings, text, etc.

To apply a theme, go to the Design tab and select a theme from the Themes section. The dropdown arrow provides more choices categorized by theme type. When you click a theme, all the aspects of the diagram and other parts of the document reflect the theme settings.

A theme can have many variants, which can be selected from the Variants section of the Design tab. Styles are different from themes such that, they are applicable to a selected shape or a group of shapes. Styles help in customizing the aspects of a particular style.

To change a style of a shape, select the shape and from the Home tab, then select a style from the Shape Styles section. Style can be applied to both shape elements in the diagram as well as to individual text boxes. You can select multiple shapes to apply the style to all of them together. When you change a theme after applying a style to a shape, the shape will take up the characteristics of the theme but will still remain distinct from other shapes.

Of course, you can continue to customize the style even after applying a theme. Themes are useful to customize the appearance of the document. Visio goes a step further and allows to customize the themes themselves. Themes come with variants that can be further customized as needed. Theme variants can be accessed from the Variants section in the Design tab. You can use the stock variants or click the dropdown menu to customize many other aspects. Sometimes, it becomes necessary to prevent themes from affecting one shape or a group of shapes, especially if they have important information that has to be presented in a particular way.

To enable protection for a shape, click a shape or a group of shapes. This opens the Protection dialog box that allows to select which components of the shape to protect from being overridden. We will focus on protecting the theming of the shape for now.

So, select the checkboxes for Text, Format, From theme colors, From theme effects, From theme fonts and finally, From theme index. If you now select any theme from the Design tab, you will notice that the shape that is protected is unaffected by the theme change. To reverse the changes, simply go to the Protection dialog box again, click None and finally click OK. Visio comes with a good selection of themes and variants to suit almost any need. However, sometimes you might have the need to create a specific color scheme that reflects your organization.

To do this, select a theme from the Design tab and choose a variant from the Variants section that closely matches to what you intend to create. In the New Theme Colors dialog box, give a name for the theme in the Name field. There are 5 accent colors to customize. Depending on the colors that you want to customize, choose a color for each accent. Click Apply to see a preview of the effect.

Once you are satisfied with the color scheme, click OK to save the color scheme. The new color scheme can be found in the Custom section of the Colors menu.

You can always edit this color scheme by right-clicking the custom scheme and clicking Edit. Organization charts or org charts are a great way to depict hierarchy in an organization. Visio provides ready-made templates to help you get started in creating org charts. In the following series of chapters, we will learn different aspects of creating and working with org charts. The easiest way to get started is to use an inbuilt org chart template and build upon it.

In Visio , the org chart template can be found by going to the New menu. Click the Home button, click New and select the Templates tab. In the Templates tab, go to the Business category and click Organization Chart.

It will open a dialog box in which you can choose the chart to be created in either Metric or US units. Select the units you are comfortable with and click Create to load the org chart shapes in a new diagram. Once the chart is created, you will notice that the Ribbon has a new Org Chart tab that lists the shape styles you can use. The Shapes pane has all the shapes necessary to use in a org chart. The shapes change based on the shape style selected in the Org Chart tab in the Ribbon. In this example, the currently selected shape style is Belt.

To insert a top-level shape, drag the Executive Belt shape over to the canvas and align it to the center of the page. Once the top-level executive shape is created, it is easy to create manager sub-shapes. The Executive Belt shape will not offer SmartShapes as this is a hierarchical chart with defined positions. To insert a manager, simply drag the Manager Belt shape onto the Executive Belt shape. You will notice that Visio automatically connects both the shapes. You can add more Manager Belt shapes onto the Executive Belt shape and Visio will automatically connect, space, and align all the shapes.

You can then enter details into the shapes by zooming in and double-clicking the shape to activate the text box. Unlike the Executive Belt shape, the manager shapes will offer the choice of using SmartShapes.

We can continue building on the org chart previously created. Based on the organizational hierarchy, corresponding shapes can be added to the existing shapes. Visio will then automatically create the connection and align the new shape in the diagram. A position belt is used to indicate a position under an executive.

In the following example, several position belts have been added to each of the three manager sub-shapes. To add a position shape, simply drag the Position Belt shape from the Shapes pane over any of the manager sub-shape.

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PowerPoint became a component of the Microsoft Office suite, first offered in for Macintosh [10] and in for Windows , [11] which bundled several Microsoft apps. Beginning with PowerPoint 4. PowerPoint’s market share was very small at first, prior to introducing a version for Microsoft Windows, but grew rapidly with the growth of Windows and of Office.

PowerPoint was originally designed to provide visuals for group presentations within business organizations, but has come to be very widely used in many other communication situations, both in business and beyond.

The first PowerPoint version Macintosh was used to produce overhead transparencies, [20] the second Macintosh , Windows could also produce color 35 mm slides. Development from that spec was begun by Austin in November , for Macintosh first.

Throughout this development period, the product was called “Presenter. Gaskins says that he thought of “PowerPoint”, based on the product’s goal of “empowering” individual presenters, and sent that name to the lawyers for clearance, while all the documentation was hastily revised. Funding to complete development of PowerPoint was assured in mid-January, , when a new Apple Computer venture capital fund, called Apple’s Strategic Investment Group, [34] selected PowerPoint to be its first investment.

PowerPoint 1. By early , Microsoft was starting to plan a new application to create presentations, an activity led by Jeff Raikes , who was head of marketing for the Applications Division. Raikes later recounted his reaction to seeing PowerPoint and his report about it to Bill Gates , who was initially skeptical: [37]. I thought, “software to do overheads—that’s a great idea.

I said, “Bill, I think we really ought to do this;” and Bill said, “No, no, no, no, no, that’s just a feature of Microsoft Word, just put it into Word. And I kept saying, “Bill, no, it’s not just a feature of Microsoft Word, it’s a whole genre of how people do these presentations. When PowerPoint was released by Forethought, its initial press was favorable; the Wall Street Journal reported on early reactions: ” ‘I see about one product a year I get this excited about,’ says Amy Wohl, a consultant in Bala Cynwyd, Pa.

On April 28, , a week after shipment, a group of Microsoft’s senior executives spent another day at Forethought to hear about initial PowerPoint sales on Macintosh and plans for Windows. The New York Times reported: [43]. Forethought makes a program called PowerPoint that allows users of Apple Macintosh computers to make overhead transparencies or flip charts. Forethought would remain in Sunnyvale, giving Microsoft a Silicon Valley presence.

The unit will be headed by Robert Gaskins, Forethought’s vice president of product development. Microsoft’s president Jon Shirley offered Microsoft’s motivation for the acquisition: ” ‘We made this deal primarily because of our belief in desktop presentations as a product category.

Forethought was first to market with a product in this category. Microsoft set up within its Applications Division an independent “Graphics Business Unit” to develop and market PowerPoint, the first Microsoft application group distant from the main Redmond location. A new PowerPoint 2. PowerPoint 3. This was at first an alternative to overhead transparencies and 35 mm slides, but over time would come to replace them. PowerPoint had been included in Microsoft Office from the beginning.

PowerPoint 2. A plan to integrate the applications themselves more tightly had been indicated as early as February , toward the end of PowerPoint 3. Another important question is what portion of our applications sales over time will be a set of applications versus a single product. Please assume that we stay ahead in integrating our family together in evaluating our future strategies—the product teams WILL deliver on this.

The move from bundling separate products to integrated development began with PowerPoint 4. When it was released, the computer press reported on the change approvingly: “PowerPoint 4. The integration is so good, you’ll have to look twice to make sure you’re running PowerPoint and not Word or Excel.

Although PowerPoint by this point had become part of the integrated Microsoft Office product, its development remained in Silicon Valley. Succeeding versions of PowerPoint introduced important changes, particularly version Since then major development of PowerPoint as part of Office has continued.

New development techniques shared across Office for PowerPoint have made it possible to ship versions of PowerPoint for Windows, Mac, iOS, Android, and web access nearly simultaneously, [ citation needed ] and to release new features on an almost monthly schedule.

In , Jeff Raikes, who had most recently been President of the Business Division of Microsoft including responsibility for Office , [63] observed: “of course, today we know that PowerPoint is oftentimes the number two—or in some cases even the number one—most-used tool” among the applications in Office.

PowerPoint’s initial sales were about 40, copies sold in nine months , about 85, copies in , and about , copies in , all for Macintosh. Jeff Raikes, who had bought PowerPoint for Microsoft, later recalled: “By , it looked like it wasn’t a very smart idea [for Microsoft to have acquired PowerPoint], because not very many people were using PowerPoint. This began to change when the first version for Windows, PowerPoint 2. Sales of PowerPoint 3.

By PowerPoint sales had doubled again, to more than 4 million copies annually, representing 85 percent of the world market. Since the late s, PowerPoint’s market share of total world presentation software has been estimated at 95 percent by both industry and academic sources.

The earliest version of PowerPoint for Macintosh could be used to print black and white pages to be photocopied onto sheets of transparent film for projection from overhead projectors , and to print speaker’s notes and audience handouts; the next version for Macintosh, for Windows was extended to also produce color 35mm slides by communicating a file over a modem to a Genigraphics imaging center with slides returned by overnight delivery for projection from slide projectors.

PowerPoint was used for planning and preparing a presentation, but not for delivering it apart from previewing it on a computer screen, or distributing printed paper copies. Robert Gaskins, one of the creators of PowerPoint, says he publicly demonstrated that use for the first time at a large Microsoft meeting held in Paris on February 25, , by using an unreleased development build of PowerPoint 3.

By about , ten years later, digital projection had become the dominant mode of use, replacing transparencies and 35mm slides and their projectors. Although the PowerPoint software had been used to generate transparencies for over a decade, this usage was not typically encompassed by a common understanding of the term.

In contemporary operation, PowerPoint is used to create a file called a “presentation” or “deck” containing a sequence of pages called “slides” in the app which usually have a consistent style from template masters , and which may contain information imported from other apps or created in PowerPoint, including text, bullet lists, tables, charts, drawn shapes, images, audio clips, video clips, animations of elements, and animated transitions between slides, plus attached notes for each slide.

After such a file is created, typical operation is to present it as a slide show using a portable computer, where the presentation file is stored on the computer or available from a network, and the computer’s screen shows a “presenter view” with current slide, next slide, speaker’s notes for the current slide, and other information.

A smartphone remote control built in to PowerPoint for iOS optionally controlled from Apple Watch [82] and for Android [83] allows the presenter to control the show from elsewhere in the room. In addition to a computer slide show projected to a live audience by a speaker, PowerPoint can be used to deliver a presentation in a number of other ways:.

The standard form of such presentations involves a single person standing before a group of people, talking and using the PowerPoint slideshow to project visual aids onto a screen. In practice, however, presentations are not always delivered in this mode.

In our studies, we often found that the presenter sat at a table with a small group of people and walked them through a “deck”, composed of paper copies of the slides. In some cases, decks were simply distributed to individuals, without even a walk-through or discussion.

Other variations in the form included sending the PowerPoint file electronically to another site and talking through the slides over an audio or video channel e. Another common variation was placing a PowerPoint file on a web site for people to view at different times.

They found that some of these ways of using PowerPoint could influence the content of presentations, for example when “the slides themselves have to carry more of the substance of the presentation, and thus need considerably more content than they would have if they were intended for projection by a speaker who would orally provide additional details and nuance about content and context.

PowerPoint Mobile is included with Windows Mobile 5. It is a presentation program capable of reading and editing Microsoft PowerPoint presentations, although authoring abilities are limited to adding notes, editing text, and rearranging slides. It can’t create new presentations. In this version of PowerPoint users can create and edit new presentations, present, and share their PowerPoint documents.

PowerPoint for the web is a free lightweight version of Microsoft PowerPoint available as part of Office on the web, which also includes web versions of Microsoft Excel and Microsoft Word. PowerPoint for the web does not support inserting or editing charts, equations, or audio or video stored on your PC, but they are all displayed in the presentation if they were added in using a desktop app.

Some elements, like WordArt effects or more advanced animations and transitions, are not displayed at all, although they are preserved in the document. PowerPoint for the web also lacks the Outline, Master, Slide Sorter, and Presenter views present in the desktop app, as well as having limited printing options.

PowerPoint was originally targeted just for business presentations. Robert Gaskins, who was responsible for its design, has written about his intended customers: ” I did not target other existing large groups of users of presentations, such as school teachers or military officers. I also did not plan to target people who were not existing users of presentations Our focus was purely on business users, in small and large companies, from one person to the largest multinationals.

PowerPoint use in business grew over its first five years to sales of about 1 million copies annually, for worldwide market share of 63 percent. Not everyone immediately approved of the greater use of PowerPoint for presentations, even in business.

At the same time that PowerPoint was becoming dominant in business settings, it was also being adopted for uses beyond business: “Personal computing The result has been the rise of presentation culture. In an information society, nearly everyone presents. In , at about the same time that Gold was pronouncing PowerPoint’s ubiquity in business, the influential Bell Labs engineer Robert W. Lucky could already write about broader uses: [].

A new language is in the air, and it is codified in PowerPoint. In a family discussion about what to do on a given evening, for example, I feel like pulling out my laptop and giving a Vugraph presentation In church, I am surprised that the preachers haven’t caught on yet.

How have we gotten on so long without PowerPoint? Over a decade or so, beginning in the mid s, PowerPoint began to be used in many communication situations, well beyond its original business presentation uses, to include teaching in schools [] and in universities, [] lecturing in scientific meetings [] and preparing their related poster sessions [] , worshipping in churches, [] making legal arguments in courtrooms, [] displaying supertitles in theaters, [] driving helmet-mounted displays in spacesuits for NASA astronauts, [] giving military briefings, [] issuing governmental reports, [] undertaking diplomatic negotiations, [] [] writing novels, [] giving architectural demonstrations, [] prototyping website designs, [] creating animated video games, [] creating art projects, [] and even as a substitute for writing engineering technical reports, [] and as an organizing tool for writing general business documents.

By , it seemed that PowerPoint was being used everywhere. Julia Keller reported for the Chicago Tribune : []. In less than a decade, it has revolutionized the worlds of business, education, science, and communications, swiftly becoming the standard for just about anybody who wants to explain just about anything to just about anybody else.

From corporate middle managers reporting on production goals to 4th-graders fashioning a show-and-tell on the French and Indian War to church pastors explicating the seven deadly sins PowerPoint seems poised for world domination. As uses broadened, cultural awareness of PowerPoint grew and commentary about it began to appear.

Out of all the analyses of PowerPoint over a quarter of a century, at least three general themes emerged as categories of reaction to its broader use: 1 “Use it less”: avoid PowerPoint in favor of alternatives, such as using more-complex graphics and written prose, or using nothing; [17] 2 “Use it differently”: make a major change to a PowerPoint style that is simpler and pictorial, turning the presentation toward a performance, more like a Steve Jobs keynote; [18] and 3 “Use it better”: retain much of the conventional PowerPoint style but learn to avoid making many kinds of mistakes that can interfere with communication.

An early reaction was that the broader use of PowerPoint was a mistake, and should be reversed. An influential example of this came from Edward Tufte , an authority on information design, who has been a professor of political science, statistics, and computer science at Princeton and Yale, but is best known for his self-published books on data visualization, which have sold nearly 2 million copies as of In , he published a widely-read booklet titled The Cognitive Style of PowerPoint, revised in PowerPoint’s convenience for some presenters is costly to the content and the audience.

These costs arise from the cognitive style characteristics of the standard default PP presentation: foreshortening of evidence and thought, low spatial resolution, an intensely hierarchical single-path structure as the model for organizing every type of content, breaking up narratives and data into slides and minimal fragments, rapid temporal sequencing of thin information rather than focused spatial analysis, conspicuous chartjunk and PP Phluff, branding of slides with logotypes, a preoccupation with format not content, incompetent designs for data graphics and tables, and a smirky commercialism that turns information into a sales pitch and presenters into marketeers [italics in original].

There are many shapes available in Visio and we will get more familiar with them as we move ahead. Of course, you can also search for more shapes, if needed online, using the built-in search tool. When you place shapes onto the canvas, you will see guides that help you align the shapes with respect to the objects already on the canvas.

You also have a ruler on the top and left of the canvas. This gives a sense of perspective and lets you create perfectly aligned diagrams. Shapes in Visio are basically vector graphics and as such you can enlarge or shrink the size as needed without loss of quality. You also get an idea of the relative dimensions of all the other shapes indicated by green arrows when you try to change the dimensions of any shape.

To open a file in Visio, go to the File menu, which opens the backstage view and click Open. The Recent section lets you directly access the recent drawings that you have opened or saved. Based on your setup, the Open menu lists some of the file locations that you can browse for Visio drawings. Alternatively, click Browse and select the Visio drawing from a local or network folder.

Visio files have the extension. Once you open a Visio drawing, you will see that the user interface changes according to the drawing. In the following example, we have opened an org chart and you can observe that the shape stencils corresponding to the org chart are now available in the Shapes pane. In case of this file, you will also notice an Org Chart tab in the Ribbon that gives you additional options for working with the shapes in the chart, and also allows linking the shapes to data from external sources such as Excel.

You can adjust the spacing between individual shapes and also change the height and width of all shapes in one click. The Compare command in the Organization Data section of the Org Chart tab lets you compare the contents of this org chart with another org chart or diagram open in Visio.

The output is generated as an HTML file, which lists out the similarities and differences between the two diagrams. You can show or hide elements in the UI to whatever suits you best. The Quick Access Toolbar allows you to easily add often-used commands so that they are always available within reach.

Apart from the standard Undo, Redo, and Save commands, you can add additional buttons, such as a toggle between Touch and Mouse mode depending on your display by clicking the arrow icon in the Quick Access Toolbar. You can also add more commands by clicking the option More Commands The Ribbon can be collapsed to allow more real estate for the canvas. You can reduce or expand the Shapes pane by clicking and dragging the edge of the pane inwards or outwards respectively.

The Ribbon can be customized just like the Quick Access Toolbar but to do so, you need to navigate to the File menu and click Options. Then click Customize Ribbon. You can select the tabs that you wish to display on the workspace.

You can also create a new tab or group by clicking New Tab or New Group to accommodate the commands that you use frequently. Visio has a few options for changing how you view the drawing.

The View tab lists all the possible view options that you can use on the canvas. We will look at some of the commands that are useful in changing view modes. Basically, slide snippets allow you to directly export a Visio diagram as a PowerPoint slide. To take a slide snippet, click the Slide Snippets Pane in the View tab to open it. Then, select an area of the drawing that you want to export to a PowerPoint slide and click the Add button in the Slide Snippets Pane.

Add a title in the Enter title here The Presentation Mode shows a full screen view of the drawing without any distractions. This mode can also be toggled by pressing F5 on the keyboard. You can toggle between showing the vertical and horizontal rulers, the grid, and the guides by toggling the corresponding checkboxes in the Show area of the View tab.

The scaling of the rulers and grid can also be adjusted. The grid allows to easily snap objects so that they are placed correctly on the canvas. The Zoom section comprises of commands that allow you to change the zoom levels of the canvas.

You can also fit the contents to window or adjust the contents to fill the page width. The Window section lists commands that allow to arrange multiple windows on your screen. You can directly open a new window or arrange windows side by side. You can also cascade windows for easy switching between them. SmartShapes provide contextual shapes which relate to the selected shape.

SmartShapes are connected to the original shape and the connector also moves whenever the SmartShape is moved. Start with a blank document in this case a flowchart diagram. You will notice that the Shapes pane has different shapes that are applicable to flowcharts. Click and drag a shape onto the empty canvas.

You can resize or rotate the shape as desired. You can even align the shape with the help of the alignment guides. When you drag a shape onto the canvas, you will notice that there are four arrows along the shape. Hovering over any of these arrows will show possible shapes that can be created and linked to this shape.

Click the desired shape to create the shape. You will also notice that the shape is automatically connected to the initial shape. If you were to drag the shape manually, you will need to connect it manually as well. The connections between the shapes are dynamic and they will move in relation to the placement of the shape. The SmartShape arrow lists the first four shapes for the diagram that are seen in the Shapes pane.

You might want to customize which shapes appear in the four SmartShape options depending on your workflow. To set the shapes that you prefer as SmartShapes, first select the desired shape in the Shapes pane and drag it to one of the first four shapes within the pane.

In this example, let us assume that the Database shape needs to be in the first four. Click and drag the Database shape into one of the first four positions. SmartShapes allows to automatically connect shapes. If you want to connect shapes that are not directly related, you can manually connect them. To manually connect shapes, click the Connector tool in the Tools section of the Home tab. The mouse pointer now changes into a connector.

Draw a connecting line from the originating shape to the destination. You will notice a dotted line representing the connector. You can either glue this connector to the connection point or glue it to the destination shape. Gluing it to the shape will enable you to move the shape to a different location on the canvas along with the connector. Click the Pointer Tool in the Tools section of the Home tab to return the mouse pointer back to normal. Newer versions of Visio have built-in intelligence to help you place shapes between other shapes.

Visio automatically adds the required spacing and connectors to ensure that the new shape is inserted in the correct position. To insert a shape between two shapes, drag the new shape in between the desired shapes, till you see green squares on the connectors and release the mouse. The new shape will be inserted with equal spacing and appropriate connections.

Often, inserting and deleting shapes can disturb the alignment of the diagram. It can also make the elements of the diagram space out unevenly. To get around this, Visio provides tools that automatically align and space the shapes in your diagram so that it looks perfect.

To automatically align and space shapes in a diagram, go to the Position dropdown menu in the Arrange section of the Home tab.

You can also hover the mouse on these commands to preview how the diagram would look after alignment. Visio provides options for automatically changing the layout of the diagram with the ReLayout Page command. The Re-Layout Page command provides commonly used layouts. You can also customize some of the aspects of the layout as needed.

Open the diagram and navigate to the Design tab on the Ribbon. Click the Re-Layout Page dropdown menu and select a layout as needed. You will see that the diagram now changes to the selected layout. You can also preview the look before clicking by hovering the mouse over the layout style. This opens a dialog box in which you can configure the layout properties.

You can change the spacing between the shapes by manually changing the values in the Spacing field. You can also change the appearance of the connectors to curved by selecting Curved in the Appearance dropdown menu. Remember to select the Apply routing style to connectors checkbox to be able to change the appearance of the connectors.

Visio allows inserting text either within the shapes or in the document. You also get to do text formatting just like any other text editor. It is easy to insert text within a shape. Just double-click within a shape to type the text. Notice that Visio automatically zooms into the shape to enable typing and zooms out when you click outside the shape.

To insert a text in a document such as a heading for the chart, click the Text Box dropdown menu in the Insert tab on the Ribbon and select either horizontal or vertical text box. Backgrounds are inserted using pages called background pages. Background pages can contain graphics or text such as copyright info and other information.

Background pages are always separate but appear overlaid on the main page. You can change the background of a document by choosing from preset backgrounds or using your own background template.

To insert a background, click the Background dropdown menu from the Design tab on the Ribbon and choose a background preset. This creates a new page in addition to the diagram page. You can right-click the newly created background page to rename it. The new background will be automatically applied to all newly created pages in the document.

Apart from the shapes that are part of the diagram, you can add your own images to the document. Images can come from any online or offline source. If you add an image to the background page, the image will appear on all the pages in the document. To insert your images or graphics, go to the Insert tab on the Ribbon and select from any of the commands in the Illustrations section. It can be a picture on your local drive, an online source, a chart or even a CAD drawing. You can also replicate the picture on all the pages by inserting the picture in a background page.

To do this, select the background page and insert the picture as described above. Drag and resize the picture as needed. Now, navigate to the page containing the diagram and you will find that the picture appears on that page and any other subsequent pages that are added.

Sometimes, you might want to combine two or more elements of the diagram together. You can use containers to group shapes that are dependent on each other. Callouts help in inserting more text outside the shape. Callouts are always connected to the shape and move along with it. To insert a container, go to the Insert tab on the Ribbon and click the Container dropdown menu in the Diagram Parts section.

You will see that there are many designs to choose from for the container. Once you select a design, you can drag the container around the grouped shapes. Release the mouse to lock the container.

The container also contains an area for typing text. Double-click the heading area to type the text. Select the shape for which you want to use the callout. To insert a callout, go to the Insert tab on the Ribbon and click the Callout dropdown menu in the Diagram Parts section.

You will see that there are many designs to choose from for the callout. Select a design appropriate for the callout. The callout will appear connected to the selected shape.

In this example, we have added a callout for the Back to Research process called Extensive Research. The callout is linked to the shape and can be moved about anywhere in the drawing, however it will always stay connected to the shape.

Visio will zoom in when you click the callout to enable typing and will zoom out when clicked outside the callout. This text now needs to be converted into a hyperlink. To do so, select the text in the text box and in the Insert tab again. Click Link to open the Hyperlinks dialog box. You can specify the links to websites or a local file on your computer. Click OK to convert the selected text into a hyperlink. You can directly hyperlink a text or a shape to a file.

Double-clicking the text or shape opens the hyperlinked file. The procedure is similar to hyperlinking a website. Select the shape or text that you want to create a hyperlink for and click the Link button in the Insert tab of the Ribbon. In the Hyperlinks dialog box, click Browse… adjacent to the Address field and click Local File… to browse to the location of the file.

Make sure that the Use relative path for hyperlink box is selected to ensure that the file path is updated automatically when you change the file location.

Visio also makes it possible to hyperlink pages in a multi-page document so that clicking the link will directly take you to the linked page.

To hyperlink pages, select a text or shape to be linked to and click Links in the Insert tab in the Ribbon. In the Hyperlinks dialog box, make sure to click Browse… adjacent to the Sub-address field. Select the destination page in the Page field. You can also set a default zoom level in the Zoom dropdown menu so that navigating to the linked page opens it at the desired zoom.

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The good news is that course help online is here to take care of all this needs to ensure all your assignments are completed on time and you have time for other important activities. We also understand you have a number of subjects to learn and this might make it hard for you to take care of all the assignments. You are expected to do a thorough research for each assignment to earn yourself a good grade even with the limited time you have. McMaster , who banned PowerPoint presentations when he led the successful effort to secure the northern Iraqi city of Tal Afar in , followed up at the same conference by likening PowerPoint to an internal threat.

Several incidents, about the same time, gave wide currency to discussions by serving military officers describing excessive PowerPoint use and the organizational culture that encouraged it.

Kosslyn sent a joint letter to the editor stressing the institutional culture of the military: ” The problem is not in the tool itself, but in the way that people use it—which is partly a result of how institutions promote misuse. The two generals who had been mentioned in as opposing the institutional culture of excessive PowerPoint use were both in the news again in , when James N. Mattis became U. Secretary of Defense, [] and H.

McMaster was appointed as U. National Security Advisor. It started off as a joke this software is a symbol of corporate salesmanship, or lack thereof but then the work took on a life of its own as I realized I could create pieces that were moving, despite the limitations of the ‘medium.

In Byrne toured with a theater piece styled as a PowerPoint presentation. When he presented it in Berkeley, on March 8, , the University of California news service reported: “Byrne also defended its [PowerPoint’s] appeal as more than just a business tool—as a medium for art and theater.

Berkeley alumnus Bob Gaskins and Dennis Austin Eventually, Byrne said, PowerPoint could be the foundation for ‘presentational theater,’ with roots in Brechtian drama and Asian puppet theater.

I was terrified. The expressions “PowerPoint Art” or ” pptArt ” are used to define a contemporary Italian artistic movement which believes that the corporate world can be a unique and exceptional source of inspiration for the artist. The wide use of PowerPoint had, by , given rise to ” PowerPoint Viewer is the name for a series of small free application programs to be used on computers without PowerPoint installed, to view, project, or print but not create or edit presentations.

The first version was introduced with PowerPoint 3. Beginning with PowerPoint , a feature called “Package for CD” automatically managed all linked video and audio files plus needed fonts when exporting a presentation to a disk or flash drive or network location, [] and also included a copy of a revised PowerPoint Viewer application so that the result could be presented on other PCs without installing anything. The latest version that runs on Windows “was created in conjunction with PowerPoint , but it can also be used to view newer presentations created in PowerPoint and PowerPoint All transitions, videos and effects appear and behave the same when viewed using PowerPoint Viewer as they do when viewed in PowerPoint As of May [update] , the last versions of PowerPoint Viewer for all platforms have been retired by Microsoft; they are no longer available for download and no longer receive security updates.

PowerPoint Online. Early versions of PowerPoint, from through versions 1. A stable binary format called a. It was based on the Compound File Binary Format. The “. Binary filename extensions []. Binary media types []. XML filename extensions []. XML media types []. The standardization process was contentious. PowerPoint version The reason for the two variants was explained by Microsoft: []. The first objective was for the Open XML standard to provide an XML-based file format that could fully support conversion of the billions of existing Office documents without any loss of features, content, text, layout, or other information, including embedded data.

The second was to specify a file format that did not rely on Microsoft-specific data types. They created two variants of Open XML—Transitional, which supports previously-defined Microsoft-specific data types, and Strict, which does not rely on them. The PowerPoint. Library of Congress. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Presentation application, part of Microsoft Office.

For other uses, see Power point disambiguation. A photo presentation being created and edited in PowerPoint, running on Windows Office Beta Channel List of languages. PowerPoint for Mac version See also: History of Microsoft Office. See also: Richard E. Mayer and Steve Jobs Keynotes. See also: Stephen Kosslyn. The Verge. Retrieved October 5, Archived from the original on August 28, Retrieved August 28, Microsoft Docs.

App Store. Encyclopaedia Britannica. November 25, Archived from the original on October 8, Retrieved August 25, The program, initially named Presenter, was released for the Apple Macintosh in ISSN Archived from the original on May 24, Company News.

New York Times. CXXXV, no. July 31, October 1, Archived from the original on August 6, Retrieved August 24, Vinland Books. ISBN Archived PDF from the original on June 24, Retrieved August 12, Technical Communication. Archived PDF from the original on August 9, For many years, Microsoft has led the market with its program PowerPoint.

Wired UK. Archived from the original on August 15, Retrieved September 6, Additional archives: September 11, April 23, Revision 1. Archived from the original on June 17, Retrieved September 23, Oxford University Press. Communications of the ACM. S2CID Archived PDF from the original on January 7, Retrieved May 27, Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on August 22, Retrieved August 22, PowerPoint’s two creators Robert Gaskins was the visionary entrepreneur October 31, Archived from the original on November 2, Retrieved November 2, PowerPoint was not at all in their original plan.

Rather than liquidate the firm, management and investors decided to “restart” Forethought Forethought began to develop a software product of its own. This new effort was the brainchild of Robert Gaskins, an accomplished computer scientist who’d been hired to lead Forethought’s product development.

PowerPoint History Documents. Archived PDF from the original on November 6, Retrieved August 21, Computer History Museum, Archive. Archived from the original PDF on November 12, In October I joined Forethought Retrieved April 22, News, Software.

Archived from the original on August 24, Archived from the original on January 23, Retrieved August 23, Windows 1. Interviewed by Geetesh Bajaj. Archived from the original on April 4, We completed PowerPoint so as to ship it on schedule on April Channel9 videos, Microsoft Developer Network.

Jeff Raikes talks A transcript of the relevant section is also available. New York Times New York ed. Archived from the original on June 20, I wrote and presented a proposal to Bill Gates for a new piece of software for the personal computer, specifically to help people create presentations Dobb’s Journal.

Archived from the original on June 27, We worked out a letter of intent. March 6, Archived from the original on August 21, Scripting News. Archived from the original on September 7, Archived PDF from the original on May 17, American Antiquarian Society. Retrieved April 16, Archived from the original on June 23, The Forethought group will become Microsoft’s Graphics Business Unit, forming a permanent Microsoft development and marketing facility in Sunnyvale, California.

With a site in California, Microsoft hopes to recruit programmers who might not want to relocate to Washington, [Microsoft president Jon] Shirley said. Archived from the original on September 30, Retrieved September 30, I’ll just say that if you’re in the business of putting on briefings and otherwise making presentations, you might want to seriously contemplate getting a Mac II just so you can use this program; it’s that good.

Highly recommended. Archived from the original on May 25, Retrieved August 4, Download now. Get started. Get started with Tips. Work together. Check it out. Get now. Place an Order. Calculate your essay price. Type of paper. Academic level. Pages words. Read more. Plagiarism-free papers To ensure that all the papers we send to our clients are plagiarism free, they are all passed through a plagiarism detecting software.

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Мне нужно знать, с кем я имею.  – Глаза ее смотрели сурово.  – Доктор. – Зюсс.

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